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Geosciences 2018, 8(7), 238; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8070238

Isotopic Composition of Spring Water in Greece: Spring Waters Isoscapes

1
National Center of Scientific Research “Demokritos”, Institute of Materials Science, GR15310 Ag. Paraskevi Attikis, Greece
2
Independent Researcher, Akrita 66, gr 24100 Kalamata, Greece
3
General Secretariat for research and Technology, Mesogion 14-18, 11510 Athens, Greece
4
Edinburgh Unit for Forensic Anthropology, School of History, Classics and Archaeology, William Robertson Wing, University of Edinburgh, Old Medical Quad, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 May 2018 / Revised: 8 June 2018 / Accepted: 25 June 2018 / Published: 28 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Isotope Geochemistry)
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Abstract

This paper reviews stable isotopic data concerning spring water in Greece in addition to new measurements (59); their spatial variations are investigated in order to provide basic information and identify the locally significant parameters that affect stable isotopic distributions. The area of interest was partitioned into eight sections according to geographical location and climatic characteristics. Local spring water lines (LSWLs) are more or less consistent throughout the country. High-resolution isoscape maps of spring freshwater (Cl < 200 ppm; and T < 25 °C) for both δ18O and δ2H were generated, revealing several interesting features such as the effect of Pindos ridge, a strong climatic signal in southern Greece and indications of seawater intrusion in flat coastal areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: spring water; stable isotopes; isoscapes; gridded data spring water; stable isotopes; isoscapes; gridded data
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Dotsika, E.; Diamantopoulos, G.; Lykoudis, S.; Poutoukis, D.; Kranioti, E. Isotopic Composition of Spring Water in Greece: Spring Waters Isoscapes. Geosciences 2018, 8, 238.

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