Next Article in Journal
Geomechanical Model Test and Energy Mechanism Analysis of Zonal Disintegration in Deep Surrounding Rock
Next Article in Special Issue
Assessment of the Potential Pollution of the Abidjan Unconfined Aquifer by Hydrocarbons
Previous Article in Journal
Beach Erosion in the Gulf of Castellammare di Stabia in Response to the Trapping of Longshore Drifting Sediments of the Gulf of Napoli (Southern Italy)
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Geosciences 2018, 8(7), 236;

Possibility of Groundwater Pollution in Halabja Saidsadiq Hydrogeological Basin, Iraq Using Modified DRASTIC Model Based on AHP and Tritium Isotopes

Department of Geology, University of Sulaimani, 46024 Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Region, NE Iraq
Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources and Engineering, Division of Mining and Geotechnical Engineering, Lulea University of Technology, 97187 Lulea, Sweden
Department of Geology, Komar University of Science and Technology, 46024 Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 June 2018 / Revised: 25 June 2018 / Accepted: 26 June 2018 / Published: 28 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrogeochemistry and Groundwater Management)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2739 KB, uploaded 28 June 2018]   |  


An anthropogenic activity is one of the most severe environmental causes for groundwater contamination in the urban area. Groundwater thought to be one of the principal sources of water supply in Halabja Saidsadiq Basin, and therefore its vulnerability evaluation to define areas that are more vulnerable to pollution is incredibly vital. The objectives of this paper are to reveal weight modified of DRASTIC model based on the Analytical Hierarchical Process to estimate the proportional likelihood of groundwater resources pollution. Tritium isotopes analysis was chosen and applied as a pollution marker to confirm the result of this adjustment. Based on this modification, vulnerability classes that were achieved for the studied basin were alienated into five classes, including very low, low, medium, high, and very high, with vulnerability index value of (<100, >100–125, >125–150, >150–200, and >200), respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: vulnerability; DRASTIC; AHP; Tritium; Halabja Saidsadiq Basin (HSB) vulnerability; DRASTIC; AHP; Tritium; Halabja Saidsadiq Basin (HSB)

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Abdullah, T.O.; Ali, S.S.; Al-Ansari, N.A.; Knutsson, S. Possibility of Groundwater Pollution in Halabja Saidsadiq Hydrogeological Basin, Iraq Using Modified DRASTIC Model Based on AHP and Tritium Isotopes. Geosciences 2018, 8, 236.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Geosciences EISSN 2076-3263 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top