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Geosciences 2018, 8(6), 221; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8060221

Extending INSPIRE to the Internet of Things through SensorThings API

1
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, 21027 Ispra, Italy
2
DataCove e.U., 1150 Vienna, Austria
3
Department of Geomatics Engineering, University of Calgary, Canada
4
Fraunhofer IOSB, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
5
French Geological Survey (BRGM), 45060 Orleans, France
6
52∘ North GmbH, 48155 Münster, Germany
Current address: Via E. Fermi, 2749, 21027 Ispra (VA), Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
§
The views expressed are purely those of the authors and may not in any circumstances be regarded as stating an official position of the European Commission.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 April 2018 / Revised: 5 June 2018 / Accepted: 12 June 2018 / Published: 16 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geodata Management)
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Abstract

Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDI) established during the past two decades “unlocked” heterogeneous geospatial datasets. The European Union INSPIRE Directive laid down the foundation of a pan-European SDI where thousands of public sector data providers make their data, including sensor observations, available for cross-border and cross-domain reuse. At the same time, SDIs should inevitably adopt new technology and standards to remain fit for purpose and address in the best possible way the needs of different stakeholders (government, businesses and citizens). Some of the recurring technical requirements raised by SDI stakeholders include: (i) the need for adoption of RESTful architectures; together with (ii) alternative (to GML) data encodings, such as JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) and binary exchange formats; and (iii) adoption of asynchronous publish–subscribe-based messaging protocols. The newly established OGC standard SensorThings API is particularly interesting to investigate for INSPIRE, as it addresses together all three topics. In this manuscript, we provide our synthesised perspective on the necessary steps for the OGC SensorThings API standard to be considered as a solution that meets the legal obligations stemming out of the INSPIRE Directive. We share our perspective on what should be done concerning: (i) data encoding; and (ii) the use of SensorThings API as a download service. View Full-Text
Keywords: SensorThings API; INSPIRE; download services; spatio-temporal data interoperability; Internet of Things SensorThings API; INSPIRE; download services; spatio-temporal data interoperability; Internet of Things
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Kotsev, A.; Schleidt, K.; Liang, S.; van der Schaaf, H.; Khalafbeigi, T.; Grellet, S.; Lutz, M.; Jirka, S.; Beaufils, M. Extending INSPIRE to the Internet of Things through SensorThings API. Geosciences 2018, 8, 221.

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