Next Article in Journal
Inventory of Onshore Hydrocarbon Seeps in Romania (HYSED-RO Database)
Next Article in Special Issue
The Role of Temperature in the Safety Case for High-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal: A Comparison of Design Concepts
Previous Article in Journal
Comparing Manual and Semi-Automated Landslide Mapping Based on Optical Satellite Images from Different Sensors
Previous Article in Special Issue
Selection of Colloidal Silica Grouts with Respect to Gelling and Erosion Behaviour
Open AccessArticle

Laboratory Testing of a MEMS Sensor System for In-Situ Monitoring of the Engineered Barrier in a Geological Disposal Facility

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1XJ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jesus Martinez-Frias
Geosciences 2017, 7(2), 38; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences7020038
Received: 8 April 2017 / Revised: 8 May 2017 / Accepted: 10 May 2017 / Published: 20 May 2017
Geological disposal facilities for radioactive waste pose significant challenges for robust monitoring of environmental conditions within the engineered barriers that surround the waste canister. Temperatures are elevated, due to the presence of heat generating waste, relative humidity varies from 20% to 100%, and swelling pressures within the bentonite barrier can typically be 2–10 MPa. Here, we test the robustness of a bespoke design MEMS sensor-based monitoring system, which we encapsulate in polyurethane resin. We place the sensor within an oedometer cell and show that despite a rise in swelling pressure to 2 MPa, our relative humidity (RH) measurements are unaffected. We then test the sensing system against a traditional RH sensor, using saturated bentonite with a range of RH values between 50% and 100%. Measurements differ, on average, by 2.87% RH, and are particularly far apart for values of RH greater than 98%. However, bespoke calibration of the MEMS sensing system using saturated solutions of known RH, reduces the measurement difference to an average of 1.97% RH, greatly increasing the accuracy for RH values close to 100%. View Full-Text
Keywords: monitoring; geological disposal; sensor; relative humidity; bentonite; engineered barrier system; MEMS; geological disposal monitoring; geological disposal; sensor; relative humidity; bentonite; engineered barrier system; MEMS; geological disposal
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, W.; Lunn, R.J.; Tarantino, A.; El Mountassir, G. Laboratory Testing of a MEMS Sensor System for In-Situ Monitoring of the Engineered Barrier in a Geological Disposal Facility. Geosciences 2017, 7, 38.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map

1
Back to TopTop