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Animals 2019, 9(4), 129; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9040129

A Case-Series Report on The Use of a Salicylic Acid Bandage as a Non-Antibiotic Treatment for Early Detected, Non-Complicated Interdigital Phlegmon in Dairy Cows

1
Department of Animal Health and Antibiotic Strategies, National Veterinary Institute, 751 89 Uppsala, Sweden
2
Växa Sverige, Box 30204, 104 25 Stockholm, Sweden
3
Department of Biosystems and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 103, 230 53 Alnarp, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 January 2019 / Accepted: 27 March 2019 / Published: 29 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Future of Antibiotics in Farm Animal Production Systems)
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Simple Summary

Interdigital phlegmon (IP) is a common and economically important cause of acute lameness in cattle. It is most often treated with antibiotics. To reduce the use of antibiotics, we wanted to evaluate the effect of treatment with a salicylic acid bandage of the hoof of early-detected IP in dairy cows. We found that treatment by farmers of mild IP with salicylic acid was generally satisfactory. Within three to five days, treated cows responded with reduced lameness, lower body temperature, decreased swelling, and an improved general condition compared with the day when the treatment started. The salicylic acid bandage therefore showed the potential to be an attractive alternative in the treatment of early detected, non-complicated IP. The benefits of using salicylic acid instead of antibiotics include reduced risk of antimicrobial resistance, no painful injections of antibiotics, cheaper treatment costs, and no withdrawal of milk. However, it is important that the diagnosis is correct and that other claw disorders and complications are identified and treated promptly.

Abstract

Interdigital phlegmon (IP) is an important cause of lameness in cattle. The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment effect of a salicylic acid bandage in the interdigital space in dairy cows with early detected IP. Dairy cows (n = 109) with IP diagnosed and treated by the farmer were included in the study. On day 0, the rectal temperature, general condition, coronary circumference, and lameness score were recorded. The cow was immobilized in a trimming chute and the interdigital space was cleaned and inspected. For treatment, 1–2 tablespoons of 100% salicylic acid powder were applied into the interdigital space followed by bandaging of the hoof. On days 1–2 and days 3–5, the rectal temperature, the general condition, and the lameness score were recorded. On days 3–5, the cow was restrained, the bandage was taken off, and the coronary circumference was recorded again. Treatment of IP with salicylic acid gave a satisfactory treatment result. Within three–five days, treated cows responded with reduced lameness, lower body temperature, decreased coronary swelling, and an improved general condition compared to the day when the treatment started. Salicylic acid therefore proved to be an alternative in the treatment of early-detected non-complicated IP. View Full-Text
Keywords: lameness; foot rot; Fusobacterium necrophorum lameness; foot rot; Fusobacterium necrophorum
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Persson, Y.; Jansson Mörk, M.; Pringle, M.; Bergsten, C. A Case-Series Report on The Use of a Salicylic Acid Bandage as a Non-Antibiotic Treatment for Early Detected, Non-Complicated Interdigital Phlegmon in Dairy Cows. Animals 2019, 9, 129.

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