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Article

Relationships of a Detailed Mineral Profile of Meat with Animal Performance and Beef Quality

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Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals and Environment (DAFNAE), University of Padova, viale dell’Università 16, 35020 Legnaro (PD), Italy
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Department of Animal Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
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Consorzio Tutela del Vitellone Bianco dell’Appennino Centrale, via delle Fascine 4, San Martino in Campo, 06132 Perugia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2019, 9(12), 1073; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9121073
Received: 2 November 2019 / Revised: 25 November 2019 / Accepted: 27 November 2019 / Published: 3 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Cattle)
The mineral profile of beef is a subject of human health interest, but also animal performance and meat quality. This study analyzes the relationships of 20 minerals in beef inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) with three animal performance and 13 beef quality traits analyzed on 182 samples of Longissimus thoracis. Animals’ breed and sex showed limited effects. The major sources of variation (farm/date of slaughter, individual animal within group and side/sample within animal) differed greatly from trait to trait. Mineral contents were correlated to animal performance and beef quality being significant 52 out of the 320 correlations at the farm/date level, and 101 out of the 320 at the individual animal level. Five latent factors explained 69% of mineral co-variation. The most important, “Mineral quantity” factor correlated with age at slaughter and with the beef color traits. Two latent factors (“Na + Fe + Cu” and “Fe + Mn”) correlated with performance and beef color traits. Two other (“K-B-Pb” and “Zn”) correlated with beef chemical composition and the latter also with carcass weight and daily gain, and beef color traits. Beef cooking losses correlated with “K-B-Pb”. Latent factor analysis appears be a useful means of disentangling the very complex relationships that the minerals in beef have with animal performance and beef quality traits. View Full-Text
Keywords: macro-minerals; micro-minerals; environmental-minerals; beef quality; beef production; multivariate analysis macro-minerals; micro-minerals; environmental-minerals; beef quality; beef production; multivariate analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Patel, N.; Bergamaschi, M.; Magro, L.; Petrini, A.; Bittante, G. Relationships of a Detailed Mineral Profile of Meat with Animal Performance and Beef Quality. Animals 2019, 9, 1073. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9121073

AMA Style

Patel N, Bergamaschi M, Magro L, Petrini A, Bittante G. Relationships of a Detailed Mineral Profile of Meat with Animal Performance and Beef Quality. Animals. 2019; 9(12):1073. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9121073

Chicago/Turabian Style

Patel, Nageshvar, Matteo Bergamaschi, Luciano Magro, Andrea Petrini, and Giovanni Bittante. 2019. "Relationships of a Detailed Mineral Profile of Meat with Animal Performance and Beef Quality" Animals 9, no. 12: 1073. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9121073

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