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Animals 2018, 8(11), 193; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani8110193

Effect of Duration of Dietary Rapeseed and Soybean Oil Feeding on Physical Characteristics, Fatty Acid Profile, and Oxidative Stability of Pig Backfat

Department of Animal Husbandry, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Prague, 165 00 Prague Suchdol, Czech Republic
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Received: 13 August 2018 / Revised: 18 October 2018 / Accepted: 29 October 2018 / Published: 31 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Farm Animals)
Full-Text   |   PDF [254 KB, uploaded 31 October 2018]

Simple Summary

The fatty acid profile of pig backfat directly reflects the fatty acid profile of the pig diet. The increased intake of n-3 fatty acids, whose higher content is in vegetable oils, can decrease the risk of heart disease incidence and vascular disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of rapeseed and soybean oils and the duration of supplementing the pig diet until slaughter on physical characteristics, fatty acid profile and lipid oxidation of backfat. With the supplementation of oil in the diet for 6 weeks until slaughter, the value of lightness and perforation part of backfat significantly decreased. A dose of 40 g/kg of rapeseed oil in the last 4 weeks before slaughter is sufficient for improving the fatty acid profile without adversely affecting the consistency of the backfat. From the point of view of human health, rapeseed oil is a more suitable source of unsaturated fatty acid than soybean oil in composing the diet for pigs.

Abstract

This study compared the effect of two vegetable oils and their feeding duration on pig backfat quality. The experiment was conducted with 60 DanBred pigs that were fed a diet supplemented (40 g/kg) with rapeseed or soybean oil for 2, 4 or 6 weeks before slaughter at 152 d of age. The supplementation of both vegetable oils in the diets for 6 weeks negatively changed backfat consistency. The pigs fed soybean oil for 4 (17.64%) and 6 weeks (18.52%) before slaughter showed an increase in backfat linoleic acid content (p = 0.002), whereas, in contrast to the other groups, rapeseed oil in the diet for 6 weeks (2.38%) increased α-linolenic acid content (p = 0.039). The content of PUFAs (p = 0.024) and n-6 PUFAs (p = 0.003) was increased by adding soybean oil to the diet for 4 and 6 weeks. The ratio of n-6/n-3 PUFAs was decreased (p = 0.040) by supplementing rapeseed oil for 4 and 6 weeks. The oil feeding duration decreased (p < 0.001) the atherogenic and thrombogenic indices. The lipid oxidative stability of backfat stored for 3 and 5 days increased (p < 0.001) in pigs fed dietary vegetable oils for 6 weeks prior to slaughter. In conclusion, the feeding of rapeseed oil for 4 weeks before slaughter is sufficient for improving the FA profile without negative effect on the consistency of the backfat. View Full-Text
Keywords: pig; source of oils; fat quality; malondialdehyde pig; source of oils; fat quality; malondialdehyde
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Okrouhlá, M.; Stupka, R.; Čítek, J.; Lebedová, N.; Zadinová, K. Effect of Duration of Dietary Rapeseed and Soybean Oil Feeding on Physical Characteristics, Fatty Acid Profile, and Oxidative Stability of Pig Backfat. Animals 2018, 8, 193.

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