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Article

Moringa oleifera Leaves as Eco-Friendly Feed Additive in Diets of Hy-Line Brown Hens during the Late Laying Period

1
Department of Animal and Poultry Production, Faculty of Agriculture, South Valley University, Qena 83523, Egypt
2
Department of Agriculture-Animal Science option, University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, Pine Bluff, AR 71601, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cormac O’Shea
Animals 2021, 11(4), 1116; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11041116
Received: 3 March 2021 / Revised: 21 March 2021 / Accepted: 8 April 2021 / Published: 13 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Management of Egg-Laying Poultry)
It is of the utmost importance to explore the merit of a new phytogenic feed additive for sustainable egg production in laying chickens during the late laying period. Thus, the current study was designed to evaluate the effect of the addition of Moringa oleifera leaves to laying hen diets on laying performance, egg quality, excreta ammonia concentrations and blood biochemical parameters. The findings showed that the egg production, weight and mass and eggshell quality of laying hens fed with Moringa oleifera leaves during the late laying period were significantly improved in comparison with those of the hens in the control group. Moringa oleifera leaves supplementation decreased excreta ammonia concentration and serum cholesterol and triglycerides as well as serum liver enzymes, uric acid, and creatinine levels compared to those of the control group.
This study investigated the dietary effects of Moringa oleifera leaves supplementation on egg quality, laying performance, excreta ammonia concentrations and serum biochemistry of laying chickens during the late laying period. A total of 240 64-week-old Hy-Line Brown hens were assigned to four treatment diets including Moringa oleifera leaves at 0, 3, 6 or 9 g/kg, respectively, for eight weeks. The treatments had twelve replicates with five hens each. The results revealed that incremental dietary Moringa oleifera leaves significantly increased (p < 0.01) egg weight, production, and mass through 64–68, 68–72 and 64–72 weeks of age. Simultaneously, feed conversion ratio was significantly improved (p < 0.01) with Moringa oleifera leaves supplementation compared with the control. Haugh units and the thickness of eggshells significantly improved as a response to diets supplemented with 3, 6 and 9 g/kg Moringa oleifera leaves at 72 weeks of age. Interestingly, excreta ammonia concentrations, serum cholesterol, aspartate transaminase and alanine aminotransferase significantly decreased by Moringa oleifera leaves supplementation compared with the control group. In conclusion, introducing Moringa oleifera leaves supplementation at 3, 6 and 9 g/kg increased egg production, eggshell quality, Haugh units, and decreased serum cholesterol, triglycerides, excreta ammonia concentrations besides serum liver enzymes, uric acid and creatinine. Overall, based on the observed results, Moringa oleifera leaves supplementation was very promising and these leaves could be used as an effective feed additive in laying hens’ diet during the late laying period. View Full-Text
Keywords: blood biochemicals; egg production; egg quality; laying hens; Moringa oleifera blood biochemicals; egg production; egg quality; laying hens; Moringa oleifera
MDPI and ACS Style

Abdel-Wareth, A.A.A.; Lohakare, J. Moringa oleifera Leaves as Eco-Friendly Feed Additive in Diets of Hy-Line Brown Hens during the Late Laying Period. Animals 2021, 11, 1116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11041116

AMA Style

Abdel-Wareth AAA, Lohakare J. Moringa oleifera Leaves as Eco-Friendly Feed Additive in Diets of Hy-Line Brown Hens during the Late Laying Period. Animals. 2021; 11(4):1116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11041116

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abdel-Wareth, Ahmed A.A., and Jayant Lohakare. 2021. "Moringa oleifera Leaves as Eco-Friendly Feed Additive in Diets of Hy-Line Brown Hens during the Late Laying Period" Animals 11, no. 4: 1116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11041116

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