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Article

Comparative Assessment of Thermotolerance in Dorper and Second-Cross (Poll Dorset/Merino × Border Leicester) Lambs

1
Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia
2
Faculty of Biological Sciences, The University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
3
Department of Animal Science, School of Agriculture, College of Basic and Applied Sciences, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra P.O. Box LG 226, Ghana
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(12), 2441; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10122441
Received: 3 November 2020 / Revised: 9 December 2020 / Accepted: 17 December 2020 / Published: 20 December 2020
Selection of animal breeds that are adapted to extreme climatic conditions may help to sustain livestock production in the face of climate change. We measured the thermotolerance of 4–5-month-old Dorper and second-cross lambs (Poll Dorset × (Border Leicester × Merino)) by assessing feed intake, physiological, blood biochemical and prolactin responses. Heat stress reduced feed intake only in second-cross lambs but not in Dorpers. As expected, heat stress also increased water intake, respiration rate, rectal temperature, and skin temperature in both genotypes, but to a lesser extent in Dorpers. The comparatively lower influence of heat stress on thermotolerance indices in Dorper indicates adaptability of this breed to heat challenge.
The objective of this study was to compare the thermotolerance of second-cross (SC; Poll Dorset × Merino × Border Leicester) and Dorper lambs. Dorper and SC lambs (4–5 months of age) were subjected to cyclic heat stress (HS) (28–40 °C). The temperature was increased to 38–40 °C between 800 and 1700 h daily and maintained at 28 °C for the remainder of the day (30–60% relative humidity (RH)) in climatic chambers for 2 weeks (n = 12/group), with controls maintained in a thermoneutral (TN) (18–21 °C, 40–50% RH) environment (n = 12/group). Basal respiration rate (RR), rectal temperature (RT) and skin temperature (ST) were higher (p < 0.01) in SC lambs than in Dorpers. HS increased RR, RT and ST (p < 0.01) in both genotypes, but the levels reached during HS were lower (p < 0.01) in Dorpers. HS increased (p < 0.01) water intake to a greater extent in SC lambs, while feed intake was reduced (p < 0.05) by HS in SC lambs but not in Dorpers. HS increased (p < 0.01) blood urea nitrogen and creatinine in SC lambs only. Plasma non-esterified fatty acid concentrations were reduced (p < 0.05) by HS in SC lambs but increased (p < 0.05) in Dorpers. There was no effect of HS on pO2, cHCO3 and cSO2, but higher (p < 0.01) blood pH and lower (p < 0.01) pCO2 were recorded under HS in both genotypes. Blood electrolytes and base excess were reduced (p < 0.01) under HS, while a genotype difference (p < 0.05) was only observed in blood K+ and hemoglobin concentrations. Basal plasma prolactin concentrations were lower (p < 0.01) in Dorpers but were elevated at a similar level during HS (p < 0.01) in both genotypes. Dorper lambs are more resilient to HS than SC lambs. Future research should focus on confirming whether the better heat tolerance of Dorpers is translated to better returns in terms of growth performance and carcass traits over the summer months. View Full-Text
Keywords: heat stress; physiology; prolactin; sheep; thermotolerance heat stress; physiology; prolactin; sheep; thermotolerance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Joy, A.; Dunshea, F.R.; Leury, B.J.; DiGiacomo, K.; Clarke, I.J.; Zhang, M.H.; Abhijith, A.; Osei-Amponsah, R.; Chauhan, S.S. Comparative Assessment of Thermotolerance in Dorper and Second-Cross (Poll Dorset/Merino × Border Leicester) Lambs. Animals 2020, 10, 2441. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10122441

AMA Style

Joy A, Dunshea FR, Leury BJ, DiGiacomo K, Clarke IJ, Zhang MH, Abhijith A, Osei-Amponsah R, Chauhan SS. Comparative Assessment of Thermotolerance in Dorper and Second-Cross (Poll Dorset/Merino × Border Leicester) Lambs. Animals. 2020; 10(12):2441. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10122441

Chicago/Turabian Style

Joy, Aleena, Frank R. Dunshea, Brian J. Leury, Kristy DiGiacomo, Iain J. Clarke, Minghao H. Zhang, Archana Abhijith, Richard Osei-Amponsah, and Surinder S. Chauhan 2020. "Comparative Assessment of Thermotolerance in Dorper and Second-Cross (Poll Dorset/Merino × Border Leicester) Lambs" Animals 10, no. 12: 2441. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10122441

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