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Open AccessArticle

The Optimal Combination of Dietary Starch, Non-Starch Polysaccharides, and Mannan-Oligosaccharide Increases the Growth Performance and Improves Butyrate-Producing Bacteria of Weaned Pigs

by 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2 and 1,2,*
1
Key Laboratory of Animal Disease-Resistance Nutrition, Chengdu 611130, China
2
Animal Nutrition Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(10), 1745; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10101745
Received: 23 August 2020 / Revised: 19 September 2020 / Accepted: 22 September 2020 / Published: 25 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Animal Nutrition and Feeding)
Information about the optimal carbohydrate combination for pigs is scarce. This present study explored the effects of different combinations of starch, non-starch polysaccharides, and mannan-oligosaccharide on the growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and microbial communities in weaned pigs, which contributed a novel way of evaluating the carbohydrate quality of the diet for pigs.
The present experiment was conducted to dissect the effects of different carbohydrate combinations on the growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and microbial communities in weaned pigs. The combination was optimized by constructing L9(34) orthogonal design. Three factors include starch (amylose to amylopectin (AM/AP) ratio 2:1, 1:1, 1:2), non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) (1%, 2%, 3%, a mixture of inulin with cellulose by 1:1), and mannan-oligosaccharide (MOS) (400, 800, 1200 mg/kg) were investigated and nine combinations were implemented under different levels of these factors. One hundred and sixty-two weaned pigs were randomly assigned to nine dietary treatments with six replicates per treatment and three pigs per replicate. Results exhibited that different combinations of starch, NSP, and MOS affected the gain to feed (G:F) (p < 0.05), diarrhea incidence (p < 0.10), nutrient digestibility (p < 0.05), microbial communities, and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) concentrations (p < 0.05). In the present study, taking into account three-way ANOVA, range, and direct analysis, we found that the optimal carbohydrate combination was starch AM/AP 1:1, NSP 3%, MOS 400 mg/kg for weaned pigs. Moreover, feeding this combination diet could promote the growth performance and nutrient digestibility, increase the butyrate-producing bacteria, and to some extent improve lipid metabolism. This study provided a novel way to evaluate the carbohydrate quality in swine production. View Full-Text
Keywords: starch; non-starch polysaccharides; mannan-oligosaccharide; optimal combination; growth performance; weaned pigs starch; non-starch polysaccharides; mannan-oligosaccharide; optimal combination; growth performance; weaned pigs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, H.; Yu, B.; He, J.; Mao, X.; Zheng, P.; Yu, J.; Luo, J.; Luo, Y.; Yan, H.; Chen, D. The Optimal Combination of Dietary Starch, Non-Starch Polysaccharides, and Mannan-Oligosaccharide Increases the Growth Performance and Improves Butyrate-Producing Bacteria of Weaned Pigs. Animals 2020, 10, 1745. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10101745

AMA Style

Zhou H, Yu B, He J, Mao X, Zheng P, Yu J, Luo J, Luo Y, Yan H, Chen D. The Optimal Combination of Dietary Starch, Non-Starch Polysaccharides, and Mannan-Oligosaccharide Increases the Growth Performance and Improves Butyrate-Producing Bacteria of Weaned Pigs. Animals. 2020; 10(10):1745. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10101745

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhou, Hua; Yu, Bing; He, Jun; Mao, Xiangbing; Zheng, Ping; Yu, Jie; Luo, Junqiu; Luo, Yuheng; Yan, Hui; Chen, Daiwen. 2020. "The Optimal Combination of Dietary Starch, Non-Starch Polysaccharides, and Mannan-Oligosaccharide Increases the Growth Performance and Improves Butyrate-Producing Bacteria of Weaned Pigs" Animals 10, no. 10: 1745. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10101745

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