Next Article in Journal
Soil-Associated Bacillus Species: A Reservoir of Bioactive Compounds with Potential Therapeutic Activity against Human Pathogens
Next Article in Special Issue
Killing Effect of Bacillus velezensis FZB42 on a Xanthomonas campestris pv. Campestris (Xcc) Strain Newly Isolated from Cabbage Brassica oleracea Convar. Capitata (L.): A Metabolomic Study
Previous Article in Journal
Laryngeal Helicobacter pylori Infection and Laryngeal Cancer-Case Series and a Systematic Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
Plant-Growth-Promoting Bacteria Can Impact Zinc Uptake in Zea mays: An Examination of the Mechanisms of Action Using Functional Mutants of Azospirillum brasilense
Article

Colletotrichum spp. from Soybean Cause Disease on Lupin and Can Induce Plant Growth-Promoting Effects

1
Department of Plant Physiology, RWTH Aachen University, 52056 Aachen, Germany
2
Department of Plant Pathology and Nematology, ESALQ, University of São Paulo, Piracicaba 13418-900, SP, Brazil
3
Institute for Breeding Research on Agricultural Crops, Julius Kühn-Institut, 18190 Groß Lüsewitz, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Innocenzo Muzzalupo and Adriana Ada Chiappetta
Microorganisms 2021, 9(6), 1130; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9061130
Received: 12 April 2021 / Revised: 15 May 2021 / Accepted: 17 May 2021 / Published: 24 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genetic, Metabolic and Microbial Activity in Plants)
Protein crop plants such as soybean and lupin are attracting increasing attention because of their potential use as forage, green manure, or for the production of oil and protein for human consumption. Whereas soybean production only recently gained more importance in Germany and within the whole EU in frame of protein strategies, lupin production is already well-established in Germany. The cultivation of lupins is impeded by the hemibiotrophic ascomycete Colletotrichum lupini, the causal agent of anthracnose disease. Worldwide, soybean is also a host for a variety of Colletotrichum species, but so far, this seems to not be the case in Germany. Cross-virulence between lupin- and soybean-infecting isolates is a potential threat, especially considering the overlap of possible soybean and lupin growing areas in Germany. To address this question, we systematically investigated the interaction of different Colletotrichum species isolated from soybean in Brazil on German soybean and lupin plant cultivars. Conversely, we tested the interaction of a German field isolate of C. lupini with soybean. Under controlled conditions, Colletotrichum species from soybean and lupin were able to cross-infect the other host plant with varying degrees of virulence, thus underpinning the potential risk of increased anthracnose diseases in the future. Interestingly, we observed a pronounced plant growth-promoting effect for some host–pathogen combinations, which might open the route to the use of beneficial biological agents in lupin and soybean production. View Full-Text
Keywords: Colletotrichum; anthracnose; soybean; lupin; protein crop plant; commensalism; mutualism; parasitism; plant growth-promoting effect Colletotrichum; anthracnose; soybean; lupin; protein crop plant; commensalism; mutualism; parasitism; plant growth-promoting effect
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Wirtz, L.; Massola Júnior, N.S.; Castro, R.R.L.d.; Ruge-Wehling, B.; Schaffrath, U.; Loehrer, M. Colletotrichum spp. from Soybean Cause Disease on Lupin and Can Induce Plant Growth-Promoting Effects. Microorganisms 2021, 9, 1130. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9061130

AMA Style

Wirtz L, Massola Júnior NS, Castro RRLd, Ruge-Wehling B, Schaffrath U, Loehrer M. Colletotrichum spp. from Soybean Cause Disease on Lupin and Can Induce Plant Growth-Promoting Effects. Microorganisms. 2021; 9(6):1130. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9061130

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wirtz, Louisa, Nelson S. Massola Júnior, Renata R.L.d. Castro, Brigitte Ruge-Wehling, Ulrich Schaffrath, and Marco Loehrer. 2021. "Colletotrichum spp. from Soybean Cause Disease on Lupin and Can Induce Plant Growth-Promoting Effects" Microorganisms 9, no. 6: 1130. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9061130

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop