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Open AccessArticle

Re-Evaluation of the Order Sordariales: Delimitation of Lasiosphaeriaceae s. str., and Introduction of the New Families Diplogelasinosporaceae, Naviculisporaceae, and Schizotheciaceae

1
Department Microbial Drugs, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Inhoffenstrasse 7, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany
2
Mycology Unit, Medical School and IISPV, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, C/ Sant Llorenç 21, 43201 Reus, Tarragona, Spain
3
Illinois Natural History Survey, University of Illinois, 1816 S. Oak St., Champaign, IL 61820, USA
4
Botany Department, The Field Museum, Chicago, IL 60605, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2020, 8(9), 1430; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8091430
Received: 28 July 2020 / Revised: 11 August 2020 / Accepted: 12 September 2020 / Published: 17 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hotspots of Fungal Diversity)
The order Sordariales includes the polyphyletic family Lasiosphaeriaceae, which comprises approximately 30 genera characterized by its paraphysate ascomata, asci with apical apparati, and mostly two-celled ascospores, which have a dark apical cell and a hyaline lower cell, frequently ornamented with mucilaginous appendages. To produce a more natural classification of this family, we carried out a phylogenetic analysis based on sequences of the internal transcribed spacer region (ITS), the nuclear rDNA large subunit (LSU), and fragments of ribosomal polymerase II subunit 2 (rpb2) and β-tubulin (tub2) genes of several isolates from soil and of reference strains of the Sordariales. As a result, Lasiosphaeriaceae s. str. has been circumscribed for the clade including the type species of the genus Lasiosphaeria and, consequently, its description emended. In addition, the new families Diplogelasinosporaceae, Naviculisporaceae, and Schizotheciaceae are introduced to accommodate those taxa located far from the Lasiosphaeriaceae s. str. Moreover, we propose the erection of the new genera Areotheca, Lundqvistomyces, Naviculispora, Pseudoechria, Pseudoschizothecium, and Rhypophila based on morphological and sequence data. New combinations for several species of the genera Cladorrhinum, Jugulospora, Podospora, Schizothecium, and Triangularia are proposed, their descriptions are emended, and dichotomous keys are provided to discriminate among their species. View Full-Text
Keywords: Areotheca; Lundqvistomyces; Naviculispora; Pseudoechria; Pseudoschizothecium; Rhypophila; soil; 35 new taxa Areotheca; Lundqvistomyces; Naviculispora; Pseudoechria; Pseudoschizothecium; Rhypophila; soil; 35 new taxa
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marin-Felix, Y.; Miller, A.N.; Cano-Lira, J.F.; Guarro, J.; García, D.; Stadler, M.; Huhndorf, S.M.; Stchigel, A.M. Re-Evaluation of the Order Sordariales: Delimitation of Lasiosphaeriaceae s. str., and Introduction of the New Families Diplogelasinosporaceae, Naviculisporaceae, and Schizotheciaceae. Microorganisms 2020, 8, 1430. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8091430

AMA Style

Marin-Felix Y, Miller AN, Cano-Lira JF, Guarro J, García D, Stadler M, Huhndorf SM, Stchigel AM. Re-Evaluation of the Order Sordariales: Delimitation of Lasiosphaeriaceae s. str., and Introduction of the New Families Diplogelasinosporaceae, Naviculisporaceae, and Schizotheciaceae. Microorganisms. 2020; 8(9):1430. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8091430

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marin-Felix, Yasmina; Miller, Andrew N.; Cano-Lira, José F.; Guarro, Josep; García, D.; Stadler, Marc; Huhndorf, Sabine M.; Stchigel, Alberto M. 2020. "Re-Evaluation of the Order Sordariales: Delimitation of Lasiosphaeriaceae s. str., and Introduction of the New Families Diplogelasinosporaceae, Naviculisporaceae, and Schizotheciaceae" Microorganisms 8, no. 9: 1430. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8091430

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