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Lactic Acid Bacteria as Antibacterial Agents to Extend the Shelf Life of Fresh and Minimally Processed Fruits and Vegetables: Quality and Safety Aspects

1
Department of Food Science and Technology, University of the Peloponnese, Antikalamos, 24100 Kalamata, Greece
2
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Food Sciences and Biotechnology, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, 20950 Lublin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2020, 8(6), 952; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8060952
Received: 3 June 2020 / Revised: 16 June 2020 / Accepted: 22 June 2020 / Published: 24 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lactic Acid Bacteria, Biopreservation Agents for Fruit and Vegetables)
Eating fresh fruits and vegetables is, undoubtedly, a healthy habit that should be adopted by everyone (particularly due to the nutrients and functional properties of fruits and vegetables). However, at the same time, due to their production in the external environment, there is an increased risk of their being infected with various pathogenic microorganisms, some of which cause serious foodborne illnesses. In order to preserve and distribute safe, raw, and minimally processed fruits and vegetables, many strategies have been proposed, including bioprotection. The use of lactic acid bacteria in raw and minimally processed fruits and vegetables helps to better maintain their quality by extending their shelf life, causing a significant reduction and inhibition of the action of important foodborne pathogens. The antibacterial effect of lactic acid bacteria is attributed to its ability to produce antimicrobial compounds, including bacteriocins, with strong competitive action against many microorganisms. The use of bacteriocins, both separately and in combination with edible coatings, is considered a very promising approach for microbiological quality, and safety for postharvest storage of raw and minimally processed fruits and vegetables. Therefore, the purpose of the review is to discuss the biopreservation of fresh fruits and vegetables through the use of lactic acid bacteria as a green and safe technique. View Full-Text
Keywords: lactic acid bacteria; biopreservation; edible coatings and films; fresh-cut fruits and vegetables; shelf life extension; food quality; microbiological quality; postharvest; storage; bacteriocins lactic acid bacteria; biopreservation; edible coatings and films; fresh-cut fruits and vegetables; shelf life extension; food quality; microbiological quality; postharvest; storage; bacteriocins
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Agriopoulou, S.; Stamatelopoulou, E.; Sachadyn-Król, M.; Varzakas, T. Lactic Acid Bacteria as Antibacterial Agents to Extend the Shelf Life of Fresh and Minimally Processed Fruits and Vegetables: Quality and Safety Aspects. Microorganisms 2020, 8, 952.

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