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Open AccessReview

Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli and Clostridium perfringens: Challenges in No Antibiotics Ever Broiler Production and Potential Solutions

1
Department of Poultry Science, Mississippi State University, Starkville, MS 39762, USA
2
Department of Animal and Dairy Sciences, Mississippi State University, Starkville, MS 39762, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2020, 8(10), 1533; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8101533
Received: 22 September 2020 / Revised: 30 September 2020 / Accepted: 3 October 2020 / Published: 6 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Antimicrobial Agents and Resistance)
United States is the largest producer and the second largest exporter of broiler meat in the world. In the US, broiler production is largely converting to antibiotic-free programs which has caused an increase in morbidity and mortality within broiler farms. Escherichia coli and Clostridium perfringens are two important pathogenic bacteria readily found in the broiler environment and result in annual billion-dollar losses from colibacillosis, gangrenous dermatitis, and necrotic enteritis. The broiler industry is in search of non-antibiotic alternatives including novel vaccines, prebiotics, probiotics, and housing management strategies to mitigate production losses due to these diseases. This review provides an overview of the broiler industry and antibiotic free production, current challenges, and emerging research on antibiotic alternatives to reduce pathogenic microbial presence and improve bird health. View Full-Text
Keywords: Escherichia coli; Clostridium perfringens; broiler; antibiotic-free; production; chicken Escherichia coli; Clostridium perfringens; broiler; antibiotic-free; production; chicken
MDPI and ACS Style

Fancher, C.A.; Zhang, L.; Kiess, A.S.; Adhikari, P.A.; Dinh, T.T.N.; Sukumaran, A.T. Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli and Clostridium perfringens: Challenges in No Antibiotics Ever Broiler Production and Potential Solutions. Microorganisms 2020, 8, 1533. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8101533

AMA Style

Fancher CA, Zhang L, Kiess AS, Adhikari PA, Dinh TTN, Sukumaran AT. Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli and Clostridium perfringens: Challenges in No Antibiotics Ever Broiler Production and Potential Solutions. Microorganisms. 2020; 8(10):1533. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8101533

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fancher, Courtney A.; Zhang, Li; Kiess, Aaron S.; Adhikari, Pratima A.; Dinh, Thu T.N.; Sukumaran, Anuraj T. 2020. "Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli and Clostridium perfringens: Challenges in No Antibiotics Ever Broiler Production and Potential Solutions" Microorganisms 8, no. 10: 1533. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8101533

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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