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Cytomegalovirus Retinitis in HIV and Non-HIV Individuals

1
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
2
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2020, 8(1), 55; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8010055
Received: 18 October 2019 / Revised: 18 December 2019 / Accepted: 25 December 2019 / Published: 28 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insights Into The Molecular Pathogenesis of Ocular Infections)
Cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR) is a severe, vision-threatening disease that primarily affects immunosuppressed patients. CMVR is the most common ocular opportunistic infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients and is the leading cause of blindness in this group; however, the incidence of CMVR in HIV patients has dramatically decreased with antiretroviral therapy. Other causes of immunosuppression, including organ transplantation, hematologic malignancies, and iatrogenic immunosuppression, can also lead to the development of CMVR. Herein, we describe the pathogenesis of CMVR and compare clinical features, epidemiology, and risk factors in HIV and non-HIV infected individuals with CMVR. View Full-Text
Keywords: cytomegalovirus retinitis; HIV; organ transplant; immunosuppression cytomegalovirus retinitis; HIV; organ transplant; immunosuppression
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MDPI and ACS Style

Munro, M.; Yadavalli, T.; Fonteh, C.; Arfeen, S.; Lobo-Chan, A.-M. Cytomegalovirus Retinitis in HIV and Non-HIV Individuals. Microorganisms 2020, 8, 55. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8010055

AMA Style

Munro M, Yadavalli T, Fonteh C, Arfeen S, Lobo-Chan A-M. Cytomegalovirus Retinitis in HIV and Non-HIV Individuals. Microorganisms. 2020; 8(1):55. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8010055

Chicago/Turabian Style

Munro, Monique; Yadavalli, Tejabhiram; Fonteh, Cheryl; Arfeen, Safa; Lobo-Chan, Ann-Marie. 2020. "Cytomegalovirus Retinitis in HIV and Non-HIV Individuals" Microorganisms 8, no. 1: 55. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8010055

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