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Detection and Identification of Bacillus anthracis: From Conventional to Molecular Microbiology Methods

Department of Sera and Vaccines Evaluation, National Institute of Public Health—National Institute of Hygiene, Chocimska 24, 00-791 Warsaw, Poland
Microorganisms 2020, 8(1), 125; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8010125 (registering DOI)
Received: 31 December 2019 / Revised: 13 January 2020 / Accepted: 15 January 2020 / Published: 16 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Identification of Microorganisms: Old, New and Future Methods)
Rapid and reliable identification of Bacillus anthracis is of great importance, especially in the event of suspected deliberate release of anthrax spores. However, the identification of B. anthracis is challenging due to its high similarity to closely related species. Since Amerithrax in 2001, a lot of effort has been made to develop rapid methods for detection and identification of this microorganism with special focus on easy-to-perform rapid tests for first-line responders. This article presents an overview of the evolution of B. anthracis identification methods from the time of the first description of the microorganism until the present day.
Keywords: Bacillus anthracis; detection; identification; rapid tests; microbiological methods; molecular microbiology methods; biosensors; molecular markers Bacillus anthracis; detection; identification; rapid tests; microbiological methods; molecular microbiology methods; biosensors; molecular markers
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Zasada, A.A. Detection and Identification of Bacillus anthracis: From Conventional to Molecular Microbiology Methods. Microorganisms 2020, 8, 125.

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