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Preservation, Characterization and Exploitation of Microbial Biodiversity: The Perspective of the Italian Network of Culture Collections

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Unimore Microbial Culture Collection, Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, via Amendola 2, 42122 Reggio Emilia, Italy
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Biobank of Veterinary Resources, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia ed Emilia Romagna, via Bianchi 9, 25124 Brescia, Italy
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Department of Agricultural Science, University of Sassari, viale Italia 39, 07100 Sassari, Italy
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Department of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Science, University of Perugia, borgo XX Giugno, 74, I-06121 Perugia, Italy
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Agris Sardegna, Agenzia regionale per la ricerca in agricoltura, Loc. Bonassai, km 18.600 SS291, 07100 Sassari, Italy
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Institute of Sciences of Food Production (ISPA), National Research Council (CNR), Via G. Amendola 122/O, 70126 Bari, Italy
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MicroMiB Culture Collection, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano-Bicocca, via Cadore 48, 20900 Monza, Italy
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Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology, University of Turin, viale Mattioli, 25, 10125 Torino, Italy
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Mass Spectrometry and Proteomics, Scientific Direction, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Largo Rosanna Benzi 10, 16132 Genova, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2019, 7(12), 685; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7120685
Received: 30 October 2019 / Revised: 9 December 2019 / Accepted: 10 December 2019 / Published: 12 December 2019
Microorganisms represent most of the biodiversity of living organisms in every ecological habitat. They have profound effects on the functioning of any ecosystem, and therefore on the health of our planet and of human beings. Moreover, microorganisms are the main protagonists in food, medical and biotech industries, and have several environmental applications. Accordingly, the characterization and preservation of microbial biodiversity are essential not only for the maintenance of natural ecosystems but also for research purposes and biotechnological exploitation. In this context, culture collections (CCs) and microbial biological resource centres (mBRCs) are crucial for the safeguarding and circulation of biological resources, as well as for the progress of life sciences. This review deals with the expertise and services of CCs, in particular concerning preservation and characterization of microbial resources, by pointing to the advanced approaches applied to investigate a huge reservoir of microorganisms. Data sharing and web services as well as the tight interconnection between CCs and the biotechnological industry are highlighted. In addition, guidelines and regulations related to quality management systems (QMSs), biosafety and biosecurity issues are discussed according to the perspectives of CCs and mBRCs. View Full-Text
Keywords: biobanks; biological resource centres; biotechnology; bioeconomy biobanks; biological resource centres; biotechnology; bioeconomy
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De Vero, L.; Boniotti, M.B.; Budroni, M.; Buzzini, P.; Cassanelli, S.; Comunian, R.; Gullo, M.; Logrieco, A.F.; Mannazzu, I.; Musumeci, R.; Perugini, I.; Perrone, G.; Pulvirenti, A.; Romano, P.; Turchetti, B.; Varese, G.C. Preservation, Characterization and Exploitation of Microbial Biodiversity: The Perspective of the Italian Network of Culture Collections. Microorganisms 2019, 7, 685.

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