Next Article in Journal
Molecular Typing of Mycoplasma genitalium-Positive Specimens Discriminates between Persistent and Recurrent Infections in Cases of Treatment Failure and Supports Contact Tracing
Next Article in Special Issue
Grapevine Phyllosphere Community Analysis in Response to Elicitor Application against Powdery Mildew
Previous Article in Journal
Vegetable By-Product Lacto-Fermentation as a New Source of Antimicrobial Compounds
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Type III Accessory Protein HrpE of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae Surpasses the Secretion Role, and Enhances Plant Resistance and Photosynthesis
Open AccessArticle

Rhizosphere Metagenomics of Paspalum scrobiculatum L. (Kodo Millet) Reveals Rhizobiome Multifunctionalities

Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekananda Technical University, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh 491107, India
ICAR-National Bureau of Agriculturally Important Microorganisms, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Kushmaur, Maunath Bhanjan 275101, UP, India
Department of Systems Biology and Bioinformatics, University of Rostock, Rostock 18057, Germany
Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, ERA Chair of Green Chemistry, Tallinn University of Technology, 12618 Tallinn, Estonia
Institute of Bioproduct Development, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2019, 7(12), 608;
Received: 21 September 2019 / Accepted: 15 October 2019 / Published: 23 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Microbial Interactions)
Multifunctionalities linked with the microbial communities associated with the millet crop rhizosphere has remained unexplored. In this study, we are analyzing microbial communities inhabiting rhizosphere of kodo millet and their associated functions and its impact over plant growth and survival. Metagenomics of Paspalum scrobiculatum L.(kodo millet) rhizopshere revealed taxonomic communities with functional capabilities linked to support growth and development of the plants under nutrient-deprived, semi-arid and dry biotic conditions. Among 65 taxonomically diverse phyla identified in the rhizobiome, Actinobacteria were the most abundant followed by the Proteobacteria. Functions identified for different genes/proteins led to revelations that multifunctional rhizobiome performs several metabolic functions including carbon fixation, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, iron and aromatic compound metabolism, stress response, secondary metabolite synthesis and virulence, disease, and defense. Abundance of genes linked with N, P, S, Fe and aromatic compound metabolism and phytohormone synthesis—along with other prominent functions—clearly justifies growth, development, and survival of the plants under nutrient deprived dry environment conditions. The dominance of actinobacteria, the known antibiotic producing communities shows that the kodo rhizobiome possesses metabolic capabilities to defend themselves against biotic stresses. The study opens avenues to revisit multi-functionalities of the crop rhizosphere for establishing link between taxonomic abundance and targeted functions that help plant growth and development in stressed and nutrient deprived soil conditions. It further helps in understanding the role of rhizosphere microbiome in adaptation and survival of plants in harsh abiotic conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Paspalum scrobiculatum; kodo; millet; rhizosphere; metagenomics; metabolic functions Paspalum scrobiculatum; kodo; millet; rhizosphere; metagenomics; metabolic functions
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Prabha, R.; Singh, D.P.; Gupta, S.; Gupta, V.K.; El-Enshasy, H.A.; Verma, M.K. Rhizosphere Metagenomics of Paspalum scrobiculatum L. (Kodo Millet) Reveals Rhizobiome Multifunctionalities. Microorganisms 2019, 7, 608.

AMA Style

Prabha R, Singh DP, Gupta S, Gupta VK, El-Enshasy HA, Verma MK. Rhizosphere Metagenomics of Paspalum scrobiculatum L. (Kodo Millet) Reveals Rhizobiome Multifunctionalities. Microorganisms. 2019; 7(12):608.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Prabha, Ratna; Singh, Dhananjaya P.; Gupta, Shailendra; Gupta, Vijai K.; El-Enshasy, Hesham A.; Verma, Mukesh K. 2019. "Rhizosphere Metagenomics of Paspalum scrobiculatum L. (Kodo Millet) Reveals Rhizobiome Multifunctionalities" Microorganisms 7, no. 12: 608.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop