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Uncovering Bifidobacteria via Targeted Sequencing of the Mammalian Gut Microbiota
Open AccessReview

Bifidobacterium bifidum: A Key Member of the Early Human Gut Microbiota

1
Laboratory of Probiogenomics, Department of Chemistry, Life Sciences and Environmental Sustainability, University of Parma, 43124 Parma, Italy
2
Microbiome Research Hub, University of Parma, 43124 Parma, Italy
3
School of Microbiology, University College Cork, T12 YT20 Cork, Ireland
4
APC Microbiome Institute, University College Cork, T12 YT20 Cork, Ireland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2019, 7(11), 544; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7110544
Received: 2 October 2019 / Revised: 29 October 2019 / Accepted: 7 November 2019 / Published: 9 November 2019
Bifidobacteria typically represent the most abundant bacteria of the human gut microbiota in healthy breast-fed infants. Members of the Bifidobacterium bifidum species constitute one of the dominant taxa amongst these bifidobacterial communities and have been shown to display notable physiological and genetic features encompassing adhesion to epithelia as well as metabolism of host-derived glycans. In the current review, we discuss current knowledge concerning particular biological characteristics of the B. bifidum species that support its specific adaptation to the human gut and their implications in terms of supporting host health. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bifidobacterium bifidum; bifidobacteria; probiotics; genomics; microbiota Bifidobacterium bifidum; bifidobacteria; probiotics; genomics; microbiota
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MDPI and ACS Style

Turroni, F.; Duranti, S.; Milani, C.; Lugli, G.A.; van Sinderen, D.; Ventura, M. Bifidobacterium bifidum: A Key Member of the Early Human Gut Microbiota. Microorganisms 2019, 7, 544.

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