Role of SCFAs for Fimbrillin-Dependent Biofilm Formation of Actinomyces oris
AbstractActinomyces oris expresses type 1 and 2 fimbriae on the cell surface. Type 2 fimbriae mediate co-aggregation and biofilm formation and are composed of the shaft fimbrillin FimA and the tip fimbrillin FimB. Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are metabolic products of oral bacteria, but the effects of exogenous SCFAs on FimA-dependent biofilm formation are poorly understood. We performed two types of biofilm formation assays using A. oris MG1 or MG1.ΔfimA to observe the effects of SCFAs on FimA-dependent biofilm formation in 96-well and six-well microtiter plates and a flow cell system. SCFAs did not induce six- and 16-hour biofilm formation of A. oris MG1 and MG1.ΔfimA in saliva-coated 96-well and six-well microtiter plates in which metabolites produced during growth were not excluded. However, 6.25 mM butyric acid and 3.125 mM propionic acid induced FimA-dependent biofilm formation and cell death in a flow cell system in which metabolites produced during growth were excluded. Metabolites produced during growth may lead to disturbing effects of SCFAs on the biofilm formation. The pure effects of SCFAs on biofilm formation were induction of FimA-dependent biofilm formation, but the stress responses from dead cells may regulate its effects. Therefore, SCFA may play a key role in A. oris biofilm formation. View Full-Text
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Suzuki, I.; Shimizu, T.; Senpuku, H. Role of SCFAs for Fimbrillin-Dependent Biofilm Formation of Actinomyces oris. Microorganisms 2018, 6, 114.
Suzuki I, Shimizu T, Senpuku H. Role of SCFAs for Fimbrillin-Dependent Biofilm Formation of Actinomyces oris. Microorganisms. 2018; 6(4):114.Chicago/Turabian Style
Suzuki, Itaru; Shimizu, Takehiko; Senpuku, Hidenobu. 2018. "Role of SCFAs for Fimbrillin-Dependent Biofilm Formation of Actinomyces oris." Microorganisms 6, no. 4: 114.
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