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Review

Into the Unknown: Microbial Communities in Caves, Their Role, and Potential Use

1
Department of Medical Mirobiology, Faculty of Mecicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, Dębowa 25, 80-204 Gdansk, Poland
2
Laboratory of Phage Therapy, Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kładki 24, 80-822 Gdansk, Poland
3
Department of Molecular Virology, Institute of Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Miecznikowa 1, 02-096 Warsaw, Poland
4
Department of Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biology, University of Gdansk, Wita Stwosza 59, 80-308 Gdansk, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ricardo Amils
Microorganisms 2022, 10(2), 222; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms10020222
Received: 14 December 2021 / Revised: 10 January 2022 / Accepted: 15 January 2022 / Published: 20 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Collection Microbial Life in Extreme Environments)
Caves have been an item of amateur and professional exploration for many years. Research on the karst caves has revealed great diversity of bacteria, algae, and fungi living on stone walls and speleothems, in mud puddles or sediments. They have become the source of interest for various research groups including geologists, chemists, ecologists, or microbiologists. The adaptations of cave-dwelling organisms applied to their survival are complex and some of their properties show potential to be used in various areas of human life. Secondary metabolites produced by cave’s bacteria show strong antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, or anticancer properties. Furthermore, bacteria that can induce mineral precipitation could be used in the construction industry and for neutralization of radioisotopes. In this review we focus on bacteria and algae present in cave ecosystems, their role in shaping such specific environment, and their biotechnological and medical potential. View Full-Text
Keywords: Actinobacteria; caves; ecosystems Actinobacteria; caves; ecosystems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kosznik-Kwaśnicka, K.; Golec, P.; Jaroszewicz, W.; Lubomska, D.; Piechowicz, L. Into the Unknown: Microbial Communities in Caves, Their Role, and Potential Use. Microorganisms 2022, 10, 222. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms10020222

AMA Style

Kosznik-Kwaśnicka K, Golec P, Jaroszewicz W, Lubomska D, Piechowicz L. Into the Unknown: Microbial Communities in Caves, Their Role, and Potential Use. Microorganisms. 2022; 10(2):222. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms10020222

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kosznik-Kwaśnicka, Katarzyna, Piotr Golec, Weronika Jaroszewicz, Daria Lubomska, and Lidia Piechowicz. 2022. "Into the Unknown: Microbial Communities in Caves, Their Role, and Potential Use" Microorganisms 10, no. 2: 222. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms10020222

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