Next Article in Journal
Antimicrobial Resistance Pattern of Escherichia coli Isolated from Frozen Chicken Meat in Bangladesh
Previous Article in Journal
A Post-Haustorial Defense Mechanism is Mediated by the Powdery Mildew Resistance Gene, PmG3M, Derived from Wild Emmer Wheat
Open AccessConcept Paper

Fighting Fusarium Pathogens in the Era of Climate Change: A Conceptual Approach

1
Department of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7026, 75007 Uppsala, Sweden
2
Bashan Institute of Science, 1730 Post Oak Ct, Auburn, AL 36830, USA
3
International Graduate Centre of Evolution, University of Haifa, Haifa 3498838, Israel
4
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC 20418, USA
5
Ethiopian Biotechnology Institute, Addis Ababa 60002, Ethiopia
6
Chair of Crop Science and Plant Biology, Estonian University of Life Sciences, 51006 Tartu, Estonia
7
Estonian Academy of Sciences, 10131 Tallinn, Estonia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pathogens 2020, 9(6), 419; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9060419
Received: 24 April 2020 / Revised: 23 May 2020 / Accepted: 25 May 2020 / Published: 28 May 2020
Fusarium head blight (FHB) caused by Fusarium pathogens is one of the most devastating fungal diseases of small grain cereals worldwide, substantially reducing yield quality and food safety. Its severity is increasing due to the climate change caused by weather fluctuations. Intensive research on FHB control methods has been initiated more than a decade ago. Since then, the environment has been rapidly changing at regional to global scales due to increasing anthropogenic emissions enhanced fertilizer application and substantial changes in land use. It is known that environmental factors affect both the pathogen virulence as well as plant resistance mechanisms. Changes in CO2 concentration, temperature, and water availability can have positive, neutral, or negative effects on pathogen spread depending on the environmental optima of the pathosystem. Hence, there is a need for studies of plant–pathogen interactions in current and future environmental context. Long-term monitoring data are needed in order to understand the complex nature of plants and its microbiome interactions. We suggest an holobiotic approach, integrating plant phyllosphere microbiome research on the ecological background. This will enable the development of efficient strategies based on ecological know-how to fight Fusarium pathogens and maintain sustainable agricultural systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecosystem–atmosphere relations; plant microbiome; Fusarium; bacterial exopolysaccharides; genomic networks; sustainable development ecosystem–atmosphere relations; plant microbiome; Fusarium; bacterial exopolysaccharides; genomic networks; sustainable development
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Timmusk, S.; Nevo, E.; Ayele, F.; Noe, S.; Niinemets, Ü. Fighting Fusarium Pathogens in the Era of Climate Change: A Conceptual Approach. Pathogens 2020, 9, 419.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop