Next Article in Journal
Analysis of the Leukocyte Response in Calves Suffered from Mycoplasma bovis Pneumonia
Previous Article in Journal
Drug Discovery against Acanthamoeba Infections: Present Knowledge and Unmet Needs
Previous Article in Special Issue
Opportunistic Mapping of Strongyloides stercoralis and Hookworm in Dogs in Remote Australian Communities
Open AccessArticle

Barcoding of the Genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in Austria—An Update of the Species Inventory Including the First Records of Three Species in Austria

1
Institute of Parasitology, Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine, 1210 Vienna, Austria
2
Unit Limnology, Department of Functional and Evolutionary Ecology, University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
3
Zoological Department 2, Natural History Museum Vienna, 1010 Vienna, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pathogens 2020, 9(5), 406; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9050406
Received: 7 April 2020 / Revised: 13 May 2020 / Accepted: 22 May 2020 / Published: 23 May 2020
Ceratopogonidae are small nematoceran Diptera with a worldwide distribution, consisting of more than 5400 described species, divided into 125 genera. The genus Culicoides is known to comprise hematophagous vectors of medical and veterinary importance. Diseases transmitted by Culicoides spp. Such as African horse sickness virus, Bluetongue virus, equine encephalitis virus (Reoviridae) and Schmallenberg virus (Bunyaviridae) affect large parts of Europe and are strongly linked to the spread and abundance of its vectors. However, Culicoides surveillance measures are not implemented regularly nor in the whole of Austria. In this study, 142 morphologically identified individuals were chosen for molecular analyses (barcoding) of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene (mt COI). Molecular analyses mostly supported previous morphologic identification. Mismatches between results of molecular and morphologic analysis revealed three new Culicoides species in Austria, Culicoides gornostaevae Mirzaeva, 1984, which is a member of the Obsoletus group, C. griseidorsum Kieffer, 1918 and C. pallidicornis Kieffer, 1919 as well as possible cryptic species. We present here the first Austrian barcodes of the mt COI region of 26 Culicoides species and conclude that barcoding is a reliable tool with which to support morphologic analysis, especially with regard to the difficult to identify females of the medically and economically important genus Culicoides. View Full-Text
Keywords: biting midges; vector; mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I; C. gornostaevae; C. griseidorsum; C. pallidicornis biting midges; vector; mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I; C. gornostaevae; C. griseidorsum; C. pallidicornis
MDPI and ACS Style

Zittra, C.; Wöss, G.; Van der Vloet, L.; Bakran-Lebl, K.; Shahi Barogh, B.; Sehnal, P.; Fuehrer, H.-P. Barcoding of the Genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in Austria—An Update of the Species Inventory Including the First Records of Three Species in Austria. Pathogens 2020, 9, 406.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop