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The Mosquito Immune System and the Life of Dengue Virus: What We Know and Do Not Know

CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, 4, Raja S.C. Mullick Road, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700032, West Bengal, India
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Pathogens 2019, 8(2), 77; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens8020077
Received: 4 April 2019 / Revised: 29 May 2019 / Accepted: 30 May 2019 / Published: 13 June 2019
Flaviviruses are largely transmitted to humans by their arthropod vectors such as mosquitoes or ticks. The dengue virus (DENV) is one of the members of the family Flaviviridae and is the causative agent of dengue fever. In the mosquito vector, DENV enters through viremic blood meal and replicates in the mid-gut. Newly formed virion particles circulate to various mosquito organs and get transmitted to the next host in subsequent bites. Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus have intricate immune control to allow DENV production at a sub-pathogenic level. In the mosquito, antimicrobial peptides (AMP) and RNA inference (RNAi) are the two main antiviral strategies used against DENV. Apart from innate immunity, mosquito resident microbes play a significant role in modulating DENV replication. In this review, we discuss different immune mechanisms and preventive strategies that act against DENV in two of its vectors: Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. View Full-Text
Keywords: Aedes; immunity; dengue; RNAi; gut-microbiome; AMP Aedes; immunity; dengue; RNAi; gut-microbiome; AMP
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mukherjee, D.; Das, S.; Begum, F.; Mal, S.; Ray, U. The Mosquito Immune System and the Life of Dengue Virus: What We Know and Do Not Know. Pathogens 2019, 8, 77. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens8020077

AMA Style

Mukherjee D, Das S, Begum F, Mal S, Ray U. The Mosquito Immune System and the Life of Dengue Virus: What We Know and Do Not Know. Pathogens. 2019; 8(2):77. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens8020077

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mukherjee, Debica; Das, Sandeepan; Begum, Feroza; Mal, Sweety; Ray, Upasana. 2019. "The Mosquito Immune System and the Life of Dengue Virus: What We Know and Do Not Know" Pathogens 8, no. 2: 77. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens8020077

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