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Article

Non-Synergistic Effect of Trichoderma harzianum and Glomus spp. in Reducing Infection of Fusarium Wilt in Banana

1
Philippine Science High School-Cordillera Administrative Region Campus, Purok 12, Irisan Baguio City 2600, Philippines
2
Institute of Crop Science (ICropS), College of Agriculture and Food Science, University of the Philippines Los Baños, College, Laguna 4031, Philippines
3
Institute of Weed Science, Entomology and Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture and Food Science, University of the Philippines Los Baños, College, Laguna 4031, Philippines
4
College of Agriculture and Related Sciences, University of Southeastern Philippines (USeP), Tagum City, Davao del Norte 8100, Philippines
5
Molecular Phytopathology and Mycotoxin Research, University of Göttingen, Grisebachstrasse, 637077 Göttingen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pathogens 2019, 8(2), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens8020043
Received: 27 February 2019 / Revised: 28 March 2019 / Accepted: 28 March 2019 / Published: 31 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Soilborne Plant Pathogens)
Philippine banana is currently threatened by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense Tropical Race 4 (FocR4). This study investigated the use of Trichoderma harzianum pre-treated with Glomus spp, as a means of managing Fusarium wilt on young ‘Lakatan’ banana seedlings. Results showed that Glomus applied basally significantly improved banana seedling growth with increased increment in plant height and pseudostem diameter and heavier root weight. The application of Glomus spp. alone offered 100% protection to the ‘Lakatan’ seedlings against FocR4 as indicated by the absence of the wilting symptom. A combination of T. harzianum and Glomus spp. also gave significant effect against Fusarium wilt through delayed disease progression in the seedlings but was not synergistic. Competitive effects were suspected when application of the two biological control agents on banana roots was done simultaneously. View Full-Text
Keywords: Glomus spp.; Trichoderma harzianum; Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense Tropical Race 4; ‘Lakatan’ banana; Panama wilt Glomus spp.; Trichoderma harzianum; Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense Tropical Race 4; ‘Lakatan’ banana; Panama wilt
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MDPI and ACS Style

Castillo, A.G.; Puig, C.G.; Cumagun, C.J.R. Non-Synergistic Effect of Trichoderma harzianum and Glomus spp. in Reducing Infection of Fusarium Wilt in Banana. Pathogens 2019, 8, 43. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens8020043

AMA Style

Castillo AG, Puig CG, Cumagun CJR. Non-Synergistic Effect of Trichoderma harzianum and Glomus spp. in Reducing Infection of Fusarium Wilt in Banana. Pathogens. 2019; 8(2):43. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens8020043

Chicago/Turabian Style

Castillo, Arfe G.; Puig, Cecirly G.; Cumagun, Christian J.R. 2019. "Non-Synergistic Effect of Trichoderma harzianum and Glomus spp. in Reducing Infection of Fusarium Wilt in Banana" Pathogens 8, no. 2: 43. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens8020043

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