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Article

The Remarkable Metabolism of Vickermania ingenoplastis: Genomic Predictions

1
De Duve Institute, Université Catholique de Louvain, 1200 Brussels, Belgium
2
Life Science Research Centre, Faculty of Science, University of Ostrava, 710 00 Ostrava, Czech Republic
3
Biology Centre, Institute of Parasitology, Czech Academy of Sciences, 370 05 České Budějovice (Budweis), Czech Republic
4
Faculty of Biology, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow, Russia
5
Martsinovsky Institute of Medical Parasitology, Tropical and Vector Borne Diseases, Sechenov University, 119435 Moscow, Russia
6
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Minnesota Medical School, Duluth Campus, Duluth, MN 558812, USA
7
Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, 370 05 České Budějovice (Budweis), Czech Republic
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pathogens 2021, 10(1), 68; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10010068
Received: 5 December 2020 / Revised: 8 January 2021 / Accepted: 12 January 2021 / Published: 14 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Kinetoplastid Phylogenomics and Evolution)
A recently redescribed two-flagellar trypanosomatid Vickermania ingenoplastis is insensitive to the classical inhibitors of respiration and thrives under anaerobic conditions. Using genomic and transcriptomic data, we analyzed its genes of the core metabolism and documented that subunits of the mitochondrial respiratory complexes III and IV are ablated, while those of complexes I, II, and V are all present, along with an alternative oxidase. This explains the previously reported conversion of glucose to acetate and succinate by aerobic fermentation. Glycolytic pyruvate is metabolized to acetate and ethanol by pyruvate dismutation, whereby a unique type of alcohol dehydrogenase (shared only with Phytomonas spp.) processes an excess of reducing equivalents formed under anaerobic conditions, leading to the formation of ethanol. Succinate (formed to maintain the glycosomal redox balance) is converted to propionate by a cyclic process involving three enzymes of the mitochondrial methyl-malonyl-CoA pathway, via a cyclic process, which results in the formation of additional ATP. The unusual structure of the V. ingenoplastis genome and its similarity with that of Phytomonas spp. imply their relatedness or convergent evolution. Nevertheless, a critical difference between these two trypanosomatids is that the former has significantly increased its genome size by gene duplications, while the latter streamlined its genome. View Full-Text
Keywords: Vickermania ingenoplastis; Phytomonas; metabolism; genome sequencing Vickermania ingenoplastis; Phytomonas; metabolism; genome sequencing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Opperdoes, F.R.; Butenko, A.; Zakharova, A.; Gerasimov, E.S.; Zimmer, S.L.; Lukeš, J.; Yurchenko, V. The Remarkable Metabolism of Vickermania ingenoplastis: Genomic Predictions. Pathogens 2021, 10, 68. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10010068

AMA Style

Opperdoes FR, Butenko A, Zakharova A, Gerasimov ES, Zimmer SL, Lukeš J, Yurchenko V. The Remarkable Metabolism of Vickermania ingenoplastis: Genomic Predictions. Pathogens. 2021; 10(1):68. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10010068

Chicago/Turabian Style

Opperdoes, Fred R., Anzhelika Butenko, Alexandra Zakharova, Evgeny S. Gerasimov, Sara L. Zimmer, Julius Lukeš, and Vyacheslav Yurchenko. 2021. "The Remarkable Metabolism of Vickermania ingenoplastis: Genomic Predictions" Pathogens 10, no. 1: 68. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10010068

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