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Humanities 2019, 8(1), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/h8010033

Language Vitality of Spanish in Equatorial Guinea: Language Use and Attitudes

Department of Modern Languages and Literatures, Western University, University College 2210, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada
Received: 18 October 2018 / Revised: 6 February 2019 / Accepted: 17 February 2019 / Published: 21 February 2019
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Abstract

This study investigates the use of and attitudes towards, Spanish in the multilingual Republic of Equatorial Guinea, the only African country with Spanish as an official language. The Spanish dialect of Equatorial Guinea is an understudied area, although descriptive research on the Spanish language spoken there began in the 1950s. Very few research studies have been carried out on the sociolinguistic dynamic of this multilingual country. Four scales of language vitality were utilized and it was demonstrated that Spanish in Equatorial Guinea is not endangered and continues to thrive. An online survey was also performed to assess Spanish language use and attitudes towards the Equatoguinean variety of Spanish. Respondents were highly educated, middle-class and spoke at least two languages. It was observed that Spanish was the functional language in almost all the sociocultural contexts or domains. Equatorial Guineans share that Spanish is important to their identity as the only Spanish-speaking country in Africa. View Full-Text
Keywords: Equatorial Guinea; language vitality; language use; language attitudes; Spanish language Equatorial Guinea; language vitality; language use; language attitudes; Spanish language
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Gomashie, G.A. Language Vitality of Spanish in Equatorial Guinea: Language Use and Attitudes. Humanities 2019, 8, 33.

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