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Open AccessArticle

The Development of the Health and Social Care Sector in the Regions of the Czech Republic in Comparison with other EU Countries

Department of Economic Theories, Faculty of Economics and Management, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague 16500, Czech Republic
Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(6), 170; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8060170
Received: 6 April 2019 / Revised: 29 May 2019 / Accepted: 29 May 2019 / Published: 3 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adopting Circular Economy Current Practices and Future Perspectives)
In this paper, the quantitative status of employees in the Health and Social Care sector in the Czech Republic is assessed, and the future development of the sector is predicted both for the Czech Republic as a whole, and for individual regions according to the NUTS3 classification. At present, labor market prognoses are created using the ROA-CERGE model, which includes the main professions in the Health and Social Care sector. This article expands the predictions by adding the regional level and using extrapolation of time series, and it identifies the regions important for the given sector and the labor force. The position of the Czech Republic with regard to selected professions in comparison with other countries of the European Union, i.e., its qualitative status, is also assessed in the paper. The following professions are assessed: general nurses and midwives (both with and without a specialization), physicians, and professional assistants. Healthcare workers do not manifest geographical mobility between regions and work primarily in the region where they live. Since the Czech Republic’s accession to the EU, staff working in key professions have been able to work under comparable conditions in any of the member states. The workforce flow depends, among other things, on its qualitative representation in the given country. To find groups of European countries with similar characteristics of quantitative coverage in selected professions in the Health and Social Care sector, cluster analysis is used to identify homogeneous clusters of countries, as of 2016. Secondary data was obtained from the Czech Statistical Office (CZSO) and the Information System (ISA+) of the National Institute of Education (NIE). View Full-Text
Keywords: Health and Social Care; branches; NUTS3 regions; employment; professions; Czech Republic; European Union; prediction; cluster analysis Health and Social Care; branches; NUTS3 regions; employment; professions; Czech Republic; European Union; prediction; cluster analysis
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Urbánková, E. The Development of the Health and Social Care Sector in the Regions of the Czech Republic in Comparison with other EU Countries. Soc. Sci. 2019, 8, 170.

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