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Victimization, Social Structure and Psychosocial Variables: The Case of Spain in 1999 and 2016

1
Department of State Law and Sociology, Sociology Area, University of Malaga, 29071 Málaga, Spain
2
Department of Geography, History and Humanities, Sociology Area, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(3), 102; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8030102
Received: 8 November 2018 / Revised: 14 March 2019 / Accepted: 20 March 2019 / Published: 22 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Crime Prevention through Pro-Social Design)
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Abstract

This article reviews the research on the factors influencing victimization and explores the case of Spain. The first section presents a comparative analysis of the data for 1999 and 2016 in terms of perceptions, profiles and the most significant sociodemographic and socioeconomic variables. The second section shows an explanatory analysis based on multivariate logistical regression models, using as independent variables sociodemographic and psychosocial items, and the dependent variable is whether one is described as one is described as a victim or no in the 2016 survey. The results point towards an explanatory model of victimization in which sociodemographic variables play a less important role, whereas psychosocial variables related to lifestyle and subjective perceptions make a significant contribution to greater understanding of the nature of being the victim of a crime and offer suggestions on how to improve Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED). View Full-Text
Keywords: victimization; lifestyles; crime; social structure; Spain victimization; lifestyles; crime; social structure; Spain
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Herranz de Rafael, G.; Fernández-Prados, J.S. Victimization, Social Structure and Psychosocial Variables: The Case of Spain in 1999 and 2016. Soc. Sci. 2019, 8, 102.

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