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Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8010003

Parental Communication and Feelings of Affiliation in Adolescent Aggressors and Victims of Cyberbullying

1
Department of Psychology of Education and Psychobiology, Faculty of Education, International University of la Rioja (UNIR), 26006 Logroño, Spain
2
Department of Social Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Málaga, 29071 Málaga, Spain
3
Department of Health Sciences, Valencian International University, 46002 Valencia, Spain
4
Department of Social Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 November 2018 / Revised: 19 December 2018 / Accepted: 22 December 2018 / Published: 25 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Family, Bullying and Cyberbullying)
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Abstract

Cyberbullying is an increasingly frequent problem among adolescents, and it produces considerable social concern. Using a cross-sectional and quantitative methodology, the main objective of this study was to analyze the differences among students involved in the perpetration and victimization of cyberbullying (non-involved, occasional, and severe), in their parental communication, and feelings of affiliation with classmates. The sample consisted of 849 adolescents (51.7% boys and 48.3% girls) from 12 to 18 years old (M = 14.5; SD = 1.62). Three comparison groups of aggressors and victims of cyberbullying were formed, depending on the intensity of the intimidation: non-involved, occasional, and severe. The results of the analysis of variance indicated that adolescents involved in cyberbullying as perpetrators or victims have less open and more avoidant communication with their parents than adolescents who are not involved in cyberbullying. Additionally, victims of cyberbullying perceive lower feelings of affiliation with their classmates, whereas cyberbullies show no differences between the groups on this variable. These new results provide insight into the important role of family and peers in the prevention and eradication of the growing problem of cyberbullying. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyberbullying; perpetration; victimization; parental communication; affiliation; peers cyberbullying; perpetration; victimization; parental communication; affiliation; peers
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ortega Barón, J.; Postigo, J.; Iranzo, B.; Buelga, S.; Carrascosa, L. Parental Communication and Feelings of Affiliation in Adolescent Aggressors and Victims of Cyberbullying. Soc. Sci. 2019, 8, 3.

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