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Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8010012

Mothers’ Perceptions of the Phenomenon of Bullying among Young Children in South Korea

Department of Early Childhood Education, Chung-Ang University, 84 Heukseok-ro, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 712-749, Korea
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Received: 1 November 2018 / Revised: 25 December 2018 / Accepted: 2 January 2019 / Published: 8 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Family, Bullying and Cyberbullying)
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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate mothers’ different perspectives on bullying in early childhood. Twelve mothers having children under eight years old were interviewed in South Korea. All the interviews were transcribed in Korean and analyzed using Nvivo. The constant comparison method was used to analyze the data. The results showed six themes consisting of categories: (1) concept of bullying (2) difficulty in defining bullying in early childhood, (3) difficulty in telling other mothers about bullying, (4) children who do not reveal their experiences, (5) ways to be aware of bullying, and (6) mothers’ concern. Categories were sometimes divided into subcategories. Findings showed that mothers seemed to view bullying differently, and that relationships among them contributed to differences in their perspectives on bullying. Mothers’ relationships also interacted with children’s relationships. Children were unlikely to tell their victimization experiences, due to certain reasons. These findings can contribute to understanding the nature of bullying in early childhood, increasing the social awareness of bullying among young children, and emphasizing the need for intervention/prevention programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: bullying; young children; wang-ta; mothers; aggression bullying; young children; wang-ta; mothers; aggression
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ju, H.-J.; Lee, S.-H. Mothers’ Perceptions of the Phenomenon of Bullying among Young Children in South Korea. Soc. Sci. 2019, 8, 12.

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