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Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8010013

Psychometric Properties of the CYBVICS Cyber-Victimization Scale and Its Relationship with Psychosocial Variables

1
Department of Social Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, Valencia 46010, Spain
2
Department of Education and Social Psychology, University Pablo Olavide, Sevilla 41013, Spain
3
Department of Psychology of Education and Psychobiology, Faculty of Education, International University of la Rioja (UNIR), Logroño 26006, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 November 2018 / Revised: 26 December 2018 / Accepted: 3 January 2019 / Published: 9 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Family, Bullying and Cyberbullying)
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Abstract

The main goal of the present study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the revised version of the Adolescent Cyber-Victimization Scale (CYBVICS). This scale is composed of 18 items that assess direct and indirect cyber-victimization. Two subsamples participated in the present study. Sample 1 included 1318 adolescents (47.4% boys) from 12 to 16 years old (M = 13.89, SD = 1.32). Sample 2 was composed of 1188 adolescents (51.5% girls) from 12 to 16 years old (M = 14.19, SD = 1.80). First, an exploratory factor analysis was conducted on sample 1. Results yielded a bifactor structure: direct cyber-victimization and indirect cyber-victimization. To confirm the structure of the CYBVICS, we selected sample 2 to perform confirmatory factor analysis and test its convergent validity with theoretically related measures. The results supported the reliability and validity of the two-factor model. In addition, measurement invariance was established. Related to convergent validity, positive correlations between cyber-victimization and peer victimization, depressive symptoms, and offensive communication with the mother and the father were found. Moreover, negative correlations were found between cyber-victimization and open communication with the mother and the father and family self-esteem. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyber-victimization; scale development; psychometric properties; adolescence cyber-victimization; scale development; psychometric properties; adolescence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Buelga, S.; Martínez-Ferrer, B.; Cava, M.-J.; Ortega-Barón, J. Psychometric Properties of the CYBVICS Cyber-Victimization Scale and Its Relationship with Psychosocial Variables. Soc. Sci. 2019, 8, 13.

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