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The Black Criminal Other as an Object of Social Control

Sociology Department, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M15 6LL, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Soc. Sci. 2018, 7(11), 234;
Received: 29 September 2018 / Revised: 21 October 2018 / Accepted: 26 October 2018 / Published: 13 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Race/Ethnicity, Crime and Social Control)
PDF [235 KB, uploaded 13 November 2018]


Throughout this paper, we contend that the ‘gang’ has been appropriated by the state as an ideological device that drives the hypercriminalisation of black, mixed, Asian, and other minority ethnic (BAME) communities. Drawing upon two research studies, we demonstrate how the gang is evoked to explain an array of contemporary ‘crime’ problems, which in turn (re)produces racialised objects to be policed. With particular reference to collective punishments, we suggest that “gang-branding” is critical to the development of guilt-producing associations that facilitate the arrest, charging, and prosecution of countless numbers of BAME people for offences they did not commit. As such, there is now an urgent need to ‘take seriously’ the criminalising intents of a dangerous criminology of the Other, which legitimises intrusive racist policing and surveillance, and justifies the imposition of deliberate harms upon racialised communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: joint enterprise; othering; gangs; (collective) punishment; racialisation joint enterprise; othering; gangs; (collective) punishment; racialisation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Williams, P.; Clarke, B. The Black Criminal Other as an Object of Social Control. Soc. Sci. 2018, 7, 234.

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