Qatari Women Navigating Gendered Space
2. Parameters of Qatari Women’s Mobility
2.1. Qatari Government’s Agenda and Public Discourse on Gender
Qatar’s very rapid economic and population growth have created intense strains between the old and new in almost every aspect of life. Modern work patterns and pressures of competitiveness sometimes clash with traditional relationships based on trust and personal ties, and create strains for family life. Moreover, the greater freedoms and wider choices that accompany economic and social progress pose a challenge to deep-rooted social values highly cherished by society
2.2. Shifting Socio-Cultural Landscape: Qatari Women in Public Space
3. Qatari Women’s Perceptions of Their Mobility and Agency: The Case of Female Students
4. Concluding Remarks
Conflicts of Interest
- Abu-Lughood, Lila. 2016. The Cross-publics of ethnography: The Case of “the Muslimwoman”. American Ethnologist 43: 595–608. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Ahmed, Leila. 2012. A Quiet Revolution: The Veil’s Resurgence, from the Middle East to America. New Haven: Yale University Press. [Google Scholar]
- Al Fassi, Hatoon. 2017. Why We Need to Embrace Women’s Rights and Open Debate. Doha News. March 9. Available online: https://medium.com/dohanews/why-i-believe-qatr-should-embrace-women’s-rights-and-open-debate (accessed on 4 September 2017).
- Al-Ghadeer, Moneera. 2009. Desert Voices: Bedouin Women’s Poetry in Saudi Arabia. London: Tauris Academic Studies. [Google Scholar]
- Al-Malki, Amal, David Kaufer, Suguru Ishizaki, and Kira Dreher. 2012. Arab Women in Arab News. Old Stereotypes and New Media. Doha: Bloomsbury Qatar Foundation Publishing. [Google Scholar]
- Al-Misnad, Sheikha. 1985. The Development of Modern Education in the Gulf. London: Ithaca Press. [Google Scholar]
- Al-Tamimi, Noor Khalifa. 2016. Qatari Women’s Engagement in Politics. Qatar Foundation Annual Research Conference Proceedings 2016: SSHASP2414. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Ardener, Shirley. 1981. Women and Space: Ground Rules and Social Maps. Kent: Croom Helm. [Google Scholar]
- Badawi, Nada. 2016. Saudi Scholar Comes Under Fire in Qatar for Feminist Views. Doha News. Available online: https://dohanews.co/saudi-scholar-comes-under-fire-in-qatar-for-feminist-views/ (accessed on 4 June 2017).
- Bahry, Louay, and Phebe Marr. 2005. Qatari Women: A new generation of leaders? Middle East Policy 12: 104–19. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Barakat, Halima. 1993. The Arab World: Society, Culture and State. Berkeley: University of California Press. [Google Scholar]
- Belk, Russell, and Rana Sobh. 2009. Behind Closed Doors: Gendered Home Spaces in a Gulf Arab State. In AP-Asia-Pacific Advances in Consumer Research. Duluth: Association for Consumer Research, Vol. 8, p. 34. Available online: http://www.acrwebsite.org/volumes/14874/volumes/ap08/AP-08 (accessed on 8 June 2016).
- Benn, Tansin, Getrude Phister, and Haifaa Jawad, eds. 2011. Muslim Women and Sport. New York: Routledge. [Google Scholar]
- Bristol-Rhys, Jane. 2016. Emirati Women: Generations of Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [Google Scholar]
- Central Mosque. 2003. Ruling on Women Traveling without a Mahram. Available online: https://www.central-mosque.com/fiqh/wtravel1.htm (accessed on 13 March 2016).
- Domosh, Mona, and Joni Seager. 2001. Putting Women in Place. Feminist Geographies Make Sense of the World. New York: The Guilford Press. [Google Scholar]
- Falah, Ghazi-Walid, and Caroline Nagel, eds. 2005. Geographies of Muslim Women. New York and London: The Guilford Press. [Google Scholar]
- General Secretariat for Development Planning. Qatar National Vision 2030. Available online: https://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/qnv/Pages/QNVDocument,aspx (accessed on 12 April 2016).
- Gonzalez, Alessandra. 2013. Islamic Feminism in Kuwait: The Politics and Paradoxes. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. [Google Scholar]
- Henderson, Carl, and Mohanalakshmi Rajakumar. 2008. Qatar Narratives. Doha: Bloomsbury Qatar Foundation Publishing. [Google Scholar]
- Henderson, Carl, and Mohanalakshmi Rajakumar. 2010. Qatari Voices. Doha: Bloomsbury Qatar Foundation Publishing. [Google Scholar]
- Hidemitsu, Kuroki, ed. 2003. The Influence of Human Mobility in Muslim Societies. New York: Routledge. [Google Scholar]
- Le Renard, Amelie. 2014. A Society of Young Women: Opportunities of Place, Power, and Reform in Saudi Arabia. Redwood City: Stanford University Press. [Google Scholar]
- Lindsey, Ursula. 2017. Women and Islam: A Topic that Troubles. Al_Fanar Media, March 10. Available online: https://www.al-fanarmedia.org/2017/03/women-islam-topic-trouble (accessed on 10 June 2017).
- Mahmood, Saba. 2005. Politics of Piety: The Islamic Revival and the Feminist Subject. Princeton: Princeton University Press. [Google Scholar]
- Mernissi, Fatima. 1992. The Veil and the Male Elite: A Feminist Interpretation of Women’s Rights in Islam. New York: Basic Books. [Google Scholar]
- Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics. 2016. Available online: http://www.mdps.gov.qa/en/statistics (accessed on 7 February 2017).
- Ministry of Interior Qatar. 2013, Exit Permits. Available online: https://www.moi.gov.qa/site/english/departments/APD/news/2013/06/02/29458.html (accessed on 7 February 2017).
- Moss, Pamela, ed. 2002. Feminist Geography in Practice: Research and Methods. Oxford and Malden: Blackwell Publishers Ltd. [Google Scholar]
- Pandya, Sophia. 2013. Muslim Women and Islamic Resurgence: Religion, Education and Identity Politics in Bahrain. London and New York: I.B. Tauris. [Google Scholar]
- Qutteina, Yara, Laurie James-Hawkins, Buthaina A. Al-Khelaifi, and Kathryn M. Yount. 2016. Meanings of Women’s Agency: Improving Measurement in Context. Qatar Foundation Annual Research Conference Proceedings 2016: SSHAQP2331. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Rajakumar, Mohanalakshmi, and Tanya Kane. 2016. Measuring Qatari Women’s Social Progress through Marriage Contracts. Qatar Annual Research Conference Proceedings 2016: SSHAOP 1335. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Ridge, Natasha. 2014. Education and the Reverse Gender Divide in the Gulf States: Embracing the Global, Ignoring the Local. New York: Teachers College Press. [Google Scholar]
- Secor, Anna J. 2010. The Veil and Urban Space in Istanbul: Women’s Dress, Mobility and Islamic Knowledge.Gender Place & Culture. A Journal of Feminist Geography 9: 5–22. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Sedghi, Hamideh. 2007. Women and Politics in Iran: Veiling, Unveiling and Reveiling. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [Google Scholar]
- Sharabi, Hisham. 1988. Neopatriarchy—A Theory of Distorted Change in Arab Society. New York: Oxford University Press. [Google Scholar]
- Sonbol, Amira El-Azhary. 2003. Women of the Jordan: Islam, Labor and the Law. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press. [Google Scholar]
- Sonbol, Amira El-Azhary, ed. 2012. Gulf Women. Doha: Bloomsbury Qatar Foundation Publishing. [Google Scholar]
- Stasz, Cathleen, Eric R. Eide, and Paco Martorell. 2007. Post-Secondary Education in Qatar: Employer Demand, Student Choice, and Options for Policy. Arlington: Rand Corporation, Available online: http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG644 (accessed on 12 October 2010).
- Torstrick, Rebecca L., and Elizabeth Faier. 2009. Culture and Customs of the Arab Gulf States. Westport: Greenwood Press. [Google Scholar]
- Toumi, Habib. 2010. Qatar Women Work to Change Tradition. Gulf News. December 23. Available online: http://gulfnews.com/news/gulf/qatar/qatar-women-work-to-change-tradition-1.734457 (accessed on 2 September 2017).
- Walker, Leslie. 2014. Female University Students in Qatar Outnumber Men 2:1. Doha News. June 12. Available online: http://dx.doi.org/105339/qfarc.2016 (accessed on 7 June 2016).
- Walker, Leslie. 2016. Qatar Home to Highest Proportion of Employed Women in the Gulf. Doha News. March 15. Available online: https://dohanews.co/qatar-home-to-highest-proportion-of-employed-women-in-the-gulf (accessed on 20 May 2017).
- Willoughby, John. 2008. Segmented Feminization and the Decline of Neopatriarchy in GCC Countries of the Persian Gulf. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 28: 184–99. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
© 2017 by the author. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Golkowska, K. Qatari Women Navigating Gendered Space. Soc. Sci. 2017, 6, 123. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci6040123
Golkowska K. Qatari Women Navigating Gendered Space. Social Sciences. 2017; 6(4):123. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci6040123Chicago/Turabian Style
Golkowska, Krystyna. 2017. "Qatari Women Navigating Gendered Space" Social Sciences 6, no. 4: 123. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci6040123