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Soc. Sci. 2016, 5(4), 63;

Turning Points in the Lives of Chinese and Indian Women Leaders Working toward Social Justice

Departments of Sociology and Women’s and Gender Studies, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA 02481, USA
Academic Editor: Nancy A. Naples
Received: 20 June 2016 / Revised: 2 October 2016 / Accepted: 8 October 2016 / Published: 13 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Women, Gender and Politics: An International Overview)
Full-Text   |   PDF [219 KB, uploaded 13 October 2016]


Institutional change has a human face. This paper explores how a select group of women in China and India experienced economic and political turmoil and why they chose to become change agents. Through in-depth interviews with 40 women from NGOs, government agencies and private business, four broad moments in the evolution of a change agent are identified and discussed: (1) awareness of a double-bind; (2) reframing the tension induced by that double-bind; (3) becoming an agent of change; and (4) building a vibrant network. To highlight these key features, four women’s narratives are discussed in greater depth from recognizing injustice to taking a non-traditional stand. The paper concludes with a call for further comparative work on the role of personal narratives in shaping a movement for change. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chinese women; India women; leadership; defining moments; activism Chinese women; India women; leadership; defining moments; activism
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Hertz, R. Turning Points in the Lives of Chinese and Indian Women Leaders Working toward Social Justice. Soc. Sci. 2016, 5, 63.

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