Next Article in Journal
COVID-19 Point Blank: Language, Migration, and the Pandemic as a Political Issue
Previous Article in Journal
New Media Literacies and Transmedia Learning… Do We Really Have the Conditions to Make the Leap? An Analysis from the Context of Two Italian licei classici

The Prevalence of Prejudice-Denoting Terms in Spanish Newspapers

Department of Information Technology, Otago Polytechnic, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
Academic Editor: Javier Díaz-Noci
Soc. Sci. 2022, 11(2), 33;
Received: 18 November 2021 / Revised: 8 January 2022 / Accepted: 12 January 2022 / Published: 20 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Contemporary Politics and Society)
Previous scholarly literature has documented a pronounced increase in the prevalence of prejudice-denoting terms in American news media content. Some have referred to this shift in journalistic discourse and related public opinion trends signaling increasing perceptions of prejudice severity in U.S. society as The Great Awokening. This work analyzes whether the increasing prevalence of prejudice themes in American news media outlets has been replicated in the news media ecosystem of a Spanish-speaking country. Thus, we computationally analyzed the prevalence of words denoting prejudice in five million news and opinion articles written between 1976 and 2019 and published in three of the most widely read newspapers in Spain: El País, El Mundo and ABC. We report that within the studied time period, the frequency of terms that denote specific prejudice types related to gender, ethnicity, sexuality and religious orientation has also substantially increased across the analyzed Spanish news media outlets. There are, however, some notable distinctions in the long-term usage dynamics of prejudice-denoting terms between the leading Spanish newspaper of record, El País, and its U.S. counterpart, The New York Times. View Full-Text
Keywords: news media; content analysis; prejudice; The Great Awokening; agenda-setting news media; content analysis; prejudice; The Great Awokening; agenda-setting
Show Figures

Figure 1

  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Doi: 10.5281/zenodo.5698538
    Description: Data Availability Statement: The analysis scripts, the list of analyzed articles’ URLs and the counts of target words and total words per article are provided in electronic form at
MDPI and ACS Style

Rozado, D. The Prevalence of Prejudice-Denoting Terms in Spanish Newspapers. Soc. Sci. 2022, 11, 33.

AMA Style

Rozado D. The Prevalence of Prejudice-Denoting Terms in Spanish Newspapers. Social Sciences. 2022; 11(2):33.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rozado, David. 2022. "The Prevalence of Prejudice-Denoting Terms in Spanish Newspapers" Social Sciences 11, no. 2: 33.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop