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Open AccessArticle

Graph-Based Construction of 3D Korean Giwa House Models

Department of Game & Mobile, Faculty of Computer Engineering, Keimyung University, Daejeon 40601, Korea
Buildings 2019, 9(3), 68; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings9030068
Received: 19 February 2019 / Revised: 12 March 2019 / Accepted: 14 March 2019 / Published: 18 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue IT in Design, Construction, and Management)
This paper proposes a graph-based algorithm for constructing 3D Korean traditional houses automatically using a computer graphics technique. In particular, we target designing the most popular traditional house type, a giwa house, whose roof is covered with a set of Korean traditional roof tiles called giwa. In our approach, we divided the whole design processes into two different parts. At a high level, we propose a special data structure called ‘modeling graphs’. A modeling graph consists of a set of nodes and edges. A node represents a particular component of the house and an edge represents the connection between two components with all associated parameters, including an offset vector between components. Users can easily add/ delete nodes and make them connect by an edge through a few mouse clicks. Once a modeling graph is built, then it is interpreted and rendered on a component-by-component basis by traversing nodes in a procedural way. At a low level, we came up with all the required parameters for constructing the components. Among all the components, the most beautiful but complicated part is the gently curved roof structures. In order to represent the sophisticated roof style, we introduce a spline curve-based modeling technique that is able to create curvy silhouettes of three different roof styles. In this process, rather than just applying a simple texture image onto the roof, which is widely used in commercial software, we actually laid out 3D giwa tiles on the roof seamlessly, which generated more realistic looks. Through many experiments, we verified that the proposed algorithm can model and render the giwa house at a real time rate. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D architectures; 3D modeling; procedural modeling; computer graphics 3D architectures; 3D modeling; procedural modeling; computer graphics
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Sung, M. Graph-Based Construction of 3D Korean Giwa House Models. Buildings 2019, 9, 68.

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