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Buildings 2019, 9(2), 31; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings9020031

Assessment of the Applicability of Sustainable Epoxy Composites Containing Waste Rubber Aggregates in Buildings

Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Architecture, Rzeszow University of Technology, 35-084 Rzeszow, Poznańska 2, Poland
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Received: 13 December 2018 / Revised: 18 January 2019 / Accepted: 23 January 2019 / Published: 24 January 2019
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Abstract

The dynamic development of the automotive industry and improvements in quality of life have caused a significant increase in the production of car tires. Unfortunately, when the useful life of these products comes to an end, the problem of their disposal arises. The article presents the results of tests of epoxy mortars in which granules made from waste tires were used as a substitute for sand in the amount of 0, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100% vol. respectively. The available literature lacks information about resin composites that arise with such a large or complete replacement of sand with rubber waste. Along with the increase in the content of waste, the values of strength parameters of composites decreased; however, a material characterized by very low water absorption, that is lightweight and with a low thermal conduction coefficient was obtained. Using the ADINA program, numerical simulations were carried out regarding the temperature distribution in a part of the building structure containing modified rubber mortar. The results of the simulation confirmed the possibility of practical use of the obtained composite due to its good thermal insulation properties. This approach to testing composites modified with rubber waste is innovative. View Full-Text
Keywords: waste rubber; epoxy mortars; building composites; mechanical properties; thermal conductivity; numerical simulations waste rubber; epoxy mortars; building composites; mechanical properties; thermal conductivity; numerical simulations
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Dębska, B.; Lichołai, L.; Miąsik, P. Assessment of the Applicability of Sustainable Epoxy Composites Containing Waste Rubber Aggregates in Buildings. Buildings 2019, 9, 31.

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