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Open AccessArticle

An Optimal Seismic Force Pattern for Uniform Drift Distribution

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Salerno, 84084 Fisciano, SA, Italy
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Buildings 2019, 9(11), 231; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings9110231
Received: 17 September 2019 / Revised: 28 October 2019 / Accepted: 31 October 2019 / Published: 6 November 2019
The force distribution proposed by codes, which in many cases is framed in the equivalent static force procedure, likely leads to design structures with non-uniform drift distribution in terms of inter-storey drift and ductility demands. This can lead to an unbalanced drift demand at certain storeys. This phenomenon may also amass cyclic damage to the dissipative elements at this very storey, therefore increasing the probability of premature failure for low-cycle fatigue. This work proposes a new force design distribution that accounts for higher mode effects and limits the displacement concentration at any storey thus improving the dissipative capacity of the whole structures. The main advantage of the proposed method stands in its formulation, which allows to spare any previous set up with structural analyses. The proposed force distribution has been applied to multi-degree-of-freedom systems to check its effectiveness, and the results have been compared with other proposals. In addition, in order to obtain a further validation of the proposed force distribution, the results obtained by using a genetic algorithm have been evaluated and compared. Additionally, the results provided in this work validate the proposed procedure to develop a more efficient lateral load pattern. View Full-Text
Keywords: seismic load pattern; load distribution; vibration modes; uniform drift distribution; code compliant lateral load distributions; genetic algorithm; optimisation of the structural response seismic load pattern; load distribution; vibration modes; uniform drift distribution; code compliant lateral load distributions; genetic algorithm; optimisation of the structural response
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Montuori, R.; Nastri, E.; Tagliafierro, B. An Optimal Seismic Force Pattern for Uniform Drift Distribution. Buildings 2019, 9, 231.

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