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Buildings 2018, 8(4), 59; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings8040059

Gender Differences in Environmental Perspectives among Urban Design Professionals

Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, University of Gävle, SE-801 76 Gävle, Sweden
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Received: 20 March 2018 / Revised: 8 April 2018 / Accepted: 12 April 2018 / Published: 16 April 2018
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Abstract

Urban design professionals are key actors in early design phases and have the possibility to influence urban development and direct it in a more sustainable direction. Therefore, gender differences in environmental perspectives among urban design professionals may have a marked effect on urban development and the environment. This study identified gender differences in environment-related attitudes among urban design professionals involved in the international architectural competition ‘A New City Centre for Kiruna’ in northern Sweden. Participants’ self-rated possibility to influence environmental aspects was higher for males than for females. Conversely, the importance placed on environmental aspects had higher ratings among females, although the differences regarding the rating of personal responsibility were small. The gap between the participants’ self-rated belief in their ability to influence and rated importance of environmental aspects was larger among female participants. Females placed great importance on environmental aspects even though they felt that their possibility to influence these was rather low. Conversely, male participants felt that they had the greatest possibility to influence, although some males rated the importance of environmental aspects thelowest. The gender differences identified are important from an equality and environmental perspective as they may influence pro-environmental behavior among urban design professionals and ultimately influence the environmental performance of the built environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: architects; architectural competition; environmental aspects; gender; possibility to influence; pro-environmental behavior; urban design; urban planners; responsibility; environmental impact architects; architectural competition; environmental aspects; gender; possibility to influence; pro-environmental behavior; urban design; urban planners; responsibility; environmental impact
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Wallhagen, M.; Eriksson, O.; Sörqvist, P. Gender Differences in Environmental Perspectives among Urban Design Professionals. Buildings 2018, 8, 59.

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