Next Article in Journal
The Usability Study of a Proposed Environmental Experience Design Framework for Active Ageing
Previous Article in Journal
Three-Dimensional Printing Using Recycled High-Density Polyethylene: Technological Challenges and Future Directions for Construction
Article Menu
Issue 12 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Buildings 2018, 8(12), 166; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings8120166

Optimal Thermal Characteristics of the Courtyard in the Hot and Arid Climate of Isfahan

1
Department of Architecture, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin 3414896818, Iran
2
School of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran 1684613114, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 October 2018 / Revised: 20 November 2018 / Accepted: 21 November 2018 / Published: 26 November 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [4545 KB, uploaded 26 November 2018]   |  

Abstract

The courtyard is a common and traditional architectural concept in Middle Eastern countries, especially Iran. This study presents practical solutions to arrive at the optimal form and features of a courtyard based on this traditional architecture to cope with the hot and arid climate of Isfahan, Iran. A model using the ENVI-met 3.1 software was used to simulate the courtyard orientation, the height of the wall enclosure, the albedo of the materials and the vegetation level in Isfahan. As the first step of the simulation, different orientations were simulated. Based on the results, the northern courtyard is recommended as the optimum orientation for the remainder of the simulation process. A high wall enclosure is recommended in the second step of simulation to ensure cool temperatures at noon and warmth at night. In the third step, it is advised to use low-albedo material in the courtyards to avoid the extra reflected radiation of used materials on the inhabitants. The final step suggests that more than 50% of the courtyard plan should be covered by greenery to ensure thermal comfort in the courtyards. Based on these suggestions, designers can create more sustainable courtyards that are better suited to the hot and arid climate of Isfahan. View Full-Text
Keywords: outdoor thermal comfort; courtyards; microclimate; ENVI-met 3.1; Isfahan city outdoor thermal comfort; courtyards; microclimate; ENVI-met 3.1; Isfahan city
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hasehzadeh Haseh, R.; Khakzand, M.; Ojaghlou, M. Optimal Thermal Characteristics of the Courtyard in the Hot and Arid Climate of Isfahan. Buildings 2018, 8, 166.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Buildings EISSN 2075-5309 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top