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Article

Major Barriers and Best Solutions to the Adoption of Ethics and Compliance Program in Chinese International Construction Companies: A Sustainable Development Perspective

1
Department of Construction and Real Estate, School of Civil Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
2
College of Design and Engineering, National University of Singapore, 4 Architecture Drive, Singapore 117566, Singapore
3
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018, China
4
School of Law, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jian Zuo, Hanliang Fu, Zezhou Wu and Tao Wang
Buildings 2022, 12(3), 285; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12030285
Received: 8 February 2022 / Revised: 22 February 2022 / Accepted: 25 February 2022 / Published: 2 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Collection Buildings, Infrastructure and SDGs 2030)
Unethical behavior is one of the grand challenges facing international construction companies (ICCs) to move toward sustainable development when operating on an international basis. The ethics and compliance program (ECP) has played a significant role in addressing illegal and unethical behavior and avoiding liability in multinational companies. However, there have been few studies on the current status, major barriers, and best solutions to ECP adoption in ICCs. To fill this gap, an international questionnaire was conducted; 87 valid samples of Chinese ICCs located in 44 countries were filtered out for in-depth analysis. The survey results showed that only 36.8% of responding ICCs exercised compliance functions through the compliance department. The top five recognized barriers hampering ECP adoption were “lack of related laws and regulations”, “insufficient support from the government”, “lack of authorization to the compliance department”, “shortage of compliance professionals”, and “lack of case studies”. There was no disagreement about the barriers’ rankings among organizations of different firm ownerships, sizes, and locations, except the variable “great institutional distance”. Results also revealed the top five best solutions to help ICCs overcome the identified barriers. The findings would enhance the understanding of industry practitioners and policymakers, hence helping them address corresponding solutions to boost ECP adoption and promote the sustainable development of ICCs. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; ethics and compliance program; international construction companies (ICCs); current status; barriers; solutions sustainable development; ethics and compliance program; international construction companies (ICCs); current status; barriers; solutions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Luo, M.; Hwang, B.-G.; Deng, X.; Zhang, N.; Chang, T. Major Barriers and Best Solutions to the Adoption of Ethics and Compliance Program in Chinese International Construction Companies: A Sustainable Development Perspective. Buildings 2022, 12, 285. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12030285

AMA Style

Luo M, Hwang B-G, Deng X, Zhang N, Chang T. Major Barriers and Best Solutions to the Adoption of Ethics and Compliance Program in Chinese International Construction Companies: A Sustainable Development Perspective. Buildings. 2022; 12(3):285. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12030285

Chicago/Turabian Style

Luo, Min, Bon-Gang Hwang, Xiaopeng Deng, Na Zhang, and Tengyuan Chang. 2022. "Major Barriers and Best Solutions to the Adoption of Ethics and Compliance Program in Chinese International Construction Companies: A Sustainable Development Perspective" Buildings 12, no. 3: 285. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12030285

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