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Open AccessArticle

The Impact of the Gas Inlet Position, Flow Rate, and Strip Velocity on the Temperature Distribution of a Stainless-Steel Strips during the Hardening Process

1
Division of Processes, Department of Material Science and Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
2
Department of Material Science and Engineering, Dalarna University, SE-791 88 Falun, Sweden
3
Research & Development Department, voestalpine Precision Strip AB, SE-684 28 Munkfors, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(9), 928; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9090928
Received: 24 July 2019 / Revised: 18 August 2019 / Accepted: 22 August 2019 / Published: 24 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forming and Heat Treatment of Modern Metallic Materials)
A non-uniform temperature across the width of martensitic stainless-steel strips is considered to be one of the main reasons why the strip exhibits un-flatness defects during the hardening process. Therefore, the effect of the gas inlet position in this process, on the temperature distribution of the steel strip was investigated numerically. Furthermore, an infrared thermal imaging camera was used to compare the model predictions and the actual process data. The results showed that the temperature difference across the width of the strip decreased by 9% and 14% relative to the calculated temperature and measured values, respectively, when the gas inlet position was changed. This temperature investigation was performed at a position about 63 mm from the bath interface. Moreover, a more symmetrical temperature distribution was observed across the width of the strip. In addition, this study showed that by increasing the amount of the hydrogen flow rate by 2 Nm3/h, a 20% reduction of temperature difference across the width of strip was predicted. Meanwhile, the results show that the effect of the strip velocity on the strip temperature is very small. View Full-Text
Keywords: continuous hardening process; martempering; heat transfer; numerical modelling; computational fluid dynamics continuous hardening process; martempering; heat transfer; numerical modelling; computational fluid dynamics
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Pirouznia, P.; Andersson, N.Å.I.; Tilliander, A.; Jönsson, P.G. The Impact of the Gas Inlet Position, Flow Rate, and Strip Velocity on the Temperature Distribution of a Stainless-Steel Strips during the Hardening Process. Metals 2019, 9, 928.

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