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Evaluation of Volume Fraction of Austenite in Austempering Process of Austempered Ductile Iron

AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Foundry Engineering, Reymonta St. 23, 30-059 Cracow, Poland
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, 3200 N. Cramer Street, Milwaukee, WI 53211, USA
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(8), 893;
Received: 26 July 2019 / Revised: 10 August 2019 / Accepted: 13 August 2019 / Published: 15 August 2019
PDF [4249 KB, uploaded 15 August 2019]


In the present work, an evaluation of the volume fraction of austenite in austempered ductile iron (ADI) is presented by means of three different methods. Experimental tests were conducted on ADI samples after different austempering conditions and contained different volume fractions of the phase components in the metallic matrix (ferrite plates + austenite). A comparison of the volume fraction of austenite was carried out by metallographic magnetic methods using a variable field, as well as X-ray quantitative phase analysis. The main purpose of this work is to show the effectiveness of the proposed magnetic method for estimating the volume fraction of austenite in ADI cast iron. It is evident that the new method in which variable magnetic fields are used to quantify the phase composition exhibits very high accuracy within the second stage of the austempering transformation, in which the metallic matrix consists of ferrite plates and high-carbon austenite. Finally, this research shows that within the first and third stages the estimation of the volume fraction of the austenite is hampered by errors resulting from the presence of martensite (first stage) and carbide phases (third stage). View Full-Text
Keywords: ADI; austenite; magnetic field; austempering ADI; austenite; magnetic field; austempering

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Tyrała, E.; Górny, M.; Kawalec, M.; Muszyńska, A.; Lopez, H.F. Evaluation of Volume Fraction of Austenite in Austempering Process of Austempered Ductile Iron. Metals 2019, 9, 893.

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