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Open AccessArticle

Computer-Aided Material Design for Crash Boxes Made of High Manganese Steels

Institute of Metal Forming (IBF), RWTH Aachen University, 52072 Aachen, Germany
Steel Institute (IEHK), RWTH Aachen University, 52072 Aachen, Germany
Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, 40237 Düsseldorf, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(7), 772;
Received: 14 June 2019 / Revised: 2 July 2019 / Accepted: 4 July 2019 / Published: 10 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Metallurgy of High Manganese Steels)
PDF [3238 KB, uploaded 17 July 2019]


During the last decades, high manganese steels (HMnS) were considered as promising materials for crash-relevant automobile components due to their extraordinary energy absorption capability in tensile tests. However, in the case of a crash, the specific energy, absorbed by folding of a crash box, is lower for HMnS as compared to the dual phase steel DP800. This behavior is related to the fact that the crash box hardly takes advantage of the high plastic formability of a recrystallized HMnS during deformation. It was revealed that with the help of an alternative heat treatment after cold rolling, the strength of HMnS could be increased for low strains to achieve a crash behavior comparable to DP800. In this work, a multi-scale finite element simulation approach was used to analyze the crash behavior of different material conditions of an HMnS. The crash behavior was evaluated under consideration of material efficiency and passenger safety criteria to identify the ideal material condition and sheet thickness for crash absorption by folding. The proposed simulation methodology reduces the experimental time and effort for crash box design. As a result of increasing material strength, the simulation exhibits a possible weight reduction of the crash box, due to thickness reduction, up to 35%. View Full-Text
Keywords: high manganese steel; crash box; lightweight; multiscale simulation high manganese steel; crash box; lightweight; multiscale simulation

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Quadfasel, A.; Teller, M.; Madivala, M.; Haase, C.; Roters, F.; Hirt, G. Computer-Aided Material Design for Crash Boxes Made of High Manganese Steels. Metals 2019, 9, 772.

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