Computer-Aided Material Design for Crash Boxes Made of High Manganese Steels
AbstractDuring the last decades, high manganese steels (HMnS) were considered as promising materials for crash-relevant automobile components due to their extraordinary energy absorption capability in tensile tests. However, in the case of a crash, the specific energy, absorbed by folding of a crash box, is lower for HMnS as compared to the dual phase steel DP800. This behavior is related to the fact that the crash box hardly takes advantage of the high plastic formability of a recrystallized HMnS during deformation. It was revealed that with the help of an alternative heat treatment after cold rolling, the strength of HMnS could be increased for low strains to achieve a crash behavior comparable to DP800. In this work, a multi-scale finite element simulation approach was used to analyze the crash behavior of different material conditions of an HMnS. The crash behavior was evaluated under consideration of material efficiency and passenger safety criteria to identify the ideal material condition and sheet thickness for crash absorption by folding. The proposed simulation methodology reduces the experimental time and effort for crash box design. As a result of increasing material strength, the simulation exhibits a possible weight reduction of the crash box, due to thickness reduction, up to 35%. View Full-Text
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Quadfasel, A.; Teller, M.; Madivala, M.; Haase, C.; Roters, F.; Hirt, G. Computer-Aided Material Design for Crash Boxes Made of High Manganese Steels. Metals 2019, 9, 772.
Quadfasel A, Teller M, Madivala M, Haase C, Roters F, Hirt G. Computer-Aided Material Design for Crash Boxes Made of High Manganese Steels. Metals. 2019; 9(7):772.Chicago/Turabian Style
Quadfasel, Angela; Teller, Marco; Madivala, Manjunatha; Haase, Christian; Roters, Franz; Hirt, Gerhard. 2019. "Computer-Aided Material Design for Crash Boxes Made of High Manganese Steels." Metals 9, no. 7: 772.
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