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Open AccessArticle

Hot Ductility of TiNb IF Steel Slab after Hot Torsion Testing

Institute of Materials and Quality Engineering, Faculty of Materials, Metallurgy and Recycling, Technical University of Košice, Letná 9, 042 00 Košice, Slovakia
Faculty of Materials Science and Technology, VŠB–TU Ostrava, 17. listopadu 2172/15, 708 00 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic
Institute of Physics, Faculty of Science, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice, 041 80 Košice, Slovakia
Institute of Materials Research, Slovak Academy of Science, 040 01 Košice, Slovakia
Material & Metallurgical Research Ltd., 703 00 Ostrava, Czech Republic
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(7), 752;
Received: 4 June 2019 / Revised: 29 June 2019 / Accepted: 1 July 2019 / Published: 4 July 2019
PDF [6873 KB, uploaded 8 July 2019]


The aim of the work was to evaluate the hot ductility loss in TiNb stabilized IF steel directly from the continuously-cast slab using hot torsion testing (plastometry) in the temperature range 600–1250 °C according to the basic programme, and also after temperature cycling. A good match of the temperature dependences of number of turns to failure (Nf) and intensity of deformation Se was confirmed. In both cases, the existence of three temperature areas with decrease in plasticity to a minimum was confirmed. The two-stage temperature cycling according to the CT1150 and CT900 programmes mostly resulted in a decrease in plasticity compared to the basic programme. The most significant effect of cycling was related to the CT900 programme below the maximum plasticity in the base programme at 850 °C. A less pronounced decrease was observed for CT1150 cycling below the maximum plasticity in the base program at 1050 °C. In the case of CT1150 cycling, more complex particles were observed at the fractures compared with the basic programme, namely carbonitrides of Ti and Nb in combination with oxisulfides respectively, then Ti nitrides with oxisulfides or oxides and, in addition, complex (Fe,Nb)P4, (Ti,Nb)3S4 type particles. Their mean size determined statistically using TEM was much finer, only 20 nm versus 42 nm in the basic programme. Similarly, CT900 cycling revealed finer particles with an average size of 37 nm compared to 105 nm in the basic programme. The observed particles were Al oxides, Ti(N,C) and (Ti,Nb)2S, in contrast to the particles probably of TiFe and FeMnS in the basic programme. The decrease in plasticity corresponded to the finer particles, newly created in the temperature cycling. View Full-Text
Keywords: interstitial-free (IF) steel; hot torsion test; embrittlement; hot ductility loss; thermal cycling interstitial-free (IF) steel; hot torsion test; embrittlement; hot ductility loss; thermal cycling

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Konrádyová, J.; Longauerová, M.; Jonšta, P.; Jonšta, Z.; Longauer, S.; Girman, V.; Vojtko, M.; Bořuta, A.; Matvija, M.; Fujda, M.; Dobrovská, J. Hot Ductility of TiNb IF Steel Slab after Hot Torsion Testing. Metals 2019, 9, 752.

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