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Continuous Electron Beam Post-Treatment of EBF3-Fabricated Ti–6Al–4V Parts

1
Institute of Strength Physics and Materials Science of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 634055 Tomsk, Russia
2
School of Nuclear Science & Engineering, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, 634050 Tomsk, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(6), 699; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9060699
Received: 23 May 2019 / Revised: 15 June 2019 / Accepted: 19 June 2019 / Published: 21 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Titanium Alloys: Processing and Properties)
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Abstract

In the present study, the methods of optical, scanning electron, and transmission electron microscopy as well as X-ray diffraction analysis gained insights into the mechanisms of surface finish and microstructure formation of Ti–6Al–4V parts during an EBF3-process. It was found that the slip band propagation within the outermost surface layer provided dissipation of the stored strain energy associated with martensitic transformations. The latter caused the lath fragmentation as well as precipitation of nanosized β grains and an orthorhombic martensite α″ phase at the secondary α lath boundaries of as-built Ti–6Al–4V parts. The effect of continuous electron beam post-treatment on the surface finish, microstructure, and mechanical properties of EBF3-fabricated Ti–6Al–4V parts was revealed. The brittle outermost surface layer of the EBF3-fabricated samples was melted upon the treatment, resulting in the formation of equiaxial prior β grains of 20 to 30 μm in size with the fragmented acicular α′ phase. Electron-beam irradiation induced transformations within the 70 μm thick molten surface layer and 500 μm thick heat affected zone significantly increased the Vickers microhardness and tensile strength of the EBF3-fabricated Ti–6Al–4V samples. View Full-Text
Keywords: additive manufacturing; electron beam free-form fabrication; continuous electron beam post-treatment; surface finish; microstructure; surface hardening additive manufacturing; electron beam free-form fabrication; continuous electron beam post-treatment; surface finish; microstructure; surface hardening
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Panin, A.; Kazachenok, M.; Perevalova, O.; Martynov, S.; Panina, A.; Sklyarova, E. Continuous Electron Beam Post-Treatment of EBF3-Fabricated Ti–6Al–4V Parts. Metals 2019, 9, 699.

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