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Improvement in Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Graphite Flake/Cu Composites by Introducing TiC Coating on Graphite Flake Surface

Institute for Advanced Materials and Technology, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Health Maintenance for Mechanical Equipment, Hunan University of Science and Technology, Xiangtan 411201, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(5), 519;
Received: 13 April 2019 / Revised: 28 April 2019 / Accepted: 30 April 2019 / Published: 6 May 2019
PDF [6730 KB, uploaded 6 May 2019]


In this work, TiC coating was successfully deposited on a graphite flake surface via molten salt technique, for the purpose of promoting the interfacial connection between Cu and graphite flake. Vacuum hot pressing was then employed to prepare TiC-coated graphite flake/Cu composite. The results indicate that introducing TiC coating on graphite flake surface can evidently reduce the pores and gaps at the interface, resulting in a significant improvement on the bending strength. When the TiC-coated graphite flake content is 60 vol%, the bending strength is increased by 58% compared with the uncoated one. The coefficient of thermal expansion dropped from 6.0 ppm·K−1 to 4.4 ppm·K−1, with the corresponding thermal conductivity as high as 571 W·m−1·K−1. The outstanding thermal conductivity, apposite coefficient of thermal expansion, as well as superior processability, make TiC-coated graphite flake/Cu composite a satisfactory electronic packaging material with vast prospect utilized in microelectronic industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: graphite flake; composites; interface; thermal properties graphite flake; composites; interface; thermal properties

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Zhang, R.; He, X.; Liu, Q.; Qu, X. Improvement in Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Graphite Flake/Cu Composites by Introducing TiC Coating on Graphite Flake Surface. Metals 2019, 9, 519.

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