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Modified Leach Residues from Processing Deep-Sea Nodules as Effective Heavy Metals Adsorbents

1
Department of Metals and Corrosion Engineering, University of Chemistry and Technology Prague, Technická 5, 16628 Prague, Czech Republic
2
Interoceanmetal Joint Organization IOM, Cyryla i Metodego 9, 71-541 Szczecin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(4), 472; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9040472
Received: 14 March 2019 / Revised: 13 April 2019 / Accepted: 18 April 2019 / Published: 23 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metal Removal and Recycling)
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Abstract

The possible use of leaching residue from leaching deep-sea nodules in SO2/H2SO4/H2O medium as a low-cost adsorbent of heavy metals (Pb(II), Cd(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), As(V)) was studied. The leaching residue was found to be an effective adsorbent for all of the tested elements; however, it was inactive in the solution containing As(V). The chemical activation of adsorbent in 10 vol. % HCl resulted in the greatest improvement of adsorption properties, while the activation in 10 vol. % HNO3 and heat treatment at 250 °C did not significantly affect the sorption characteristics of treated adsorbents compared with the original leaching residue. After HCl activation, the maximal adsorption capacities for lead (12.0 mg/g at pH 5.0 after 1 h), nickel (3.1 mg/g at pH 5.5 after 4 h) and cobalt (2.0 mg/g at pH 5.0 after 2 h) were achieved. Additional mechanical treatment connected with HCl activation provided the highest adsorption capacities for cadmium (11.5 mg/g at pH 4.0) and copper (5.7 mg/g at pH 4.5). Coprecipitation of Fe/Al-based particles on the surface of the leaching residue increased As(V) removal of the adsorbent. Surface coating based on AlIII was extremely effective, causing the increase of the adsorption capacity from 0 with the original leaching residue, to 28.1 mg/g (pH 7.0, 24 min). Kinetics studies showed the rapid progress of adsorption for Pb(II), Cd(II), and As(V) in tens of minutes, while the adsorption of Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) approached a steady state after 2 h. View Full-Text
Keywords: deep-sea nodules; leaching residue; adsorption; heavy metals deep-sea nodules; leaching residue; adsorption; heavy metals
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Vu, N.H.; Kristianová, E.; Dvořák, P.; Abramowski, T.; Dreiseitl, I.; Adrysheva, A. Modified Leach Residues from Processing Deep-Sea Nodules as Effective Heavy Metals Adsorbents. Metals 2019, 9, 472.

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