Manufacturing and Characterization of NiTi Alloy with Functional Properties by Selective Laser Melting
AbstractIn this study, an optimal selective laser melting (SLM) process for manufacturing dense NiTi alloy with pseudoelasticity and shape-memory capability was proposed. The microstructure, phase-transformation temperature, shape memory capability, and pseudoelasticity were investigated by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, and bending and tensile tests. NiTi powder with a particle size > 45 μm was selected for the subsequent SLM process, because it exhibited a Ni/Ti ratio of ~1 and a lower oxygen content than powders with smaller particle sizes. A thin-walled disk (0.48 mm thick) and cuboid samples (5 mm thick) were prepared for investigating the variation in the homogeneity of the microstructure. The thin-walled SLM-NiTi sample exhibited a marginally inhomogeneous microstructure between layers, and defects existed in the previously formed side. The cuboid SLM-NiTi sample was fabricated without undesirable secondary phases, and it exhibited a 100% shape-recovery rate under 2% bending strain and completely pseudoelastic under 3% strain. Also, the SLM-NiTi exhibited lower phase-transformation temperatures and a broader phase-transformation range than the original NiTi. The phase-transformation range can be reduced by annealing. View Full-Text
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Ou, S.-F.; Peng, B.-Y.; Chen, Y.-C.; Tsai, M.-H. Manufacturing and Characterization of NiTi Alloy with Functional Properties by Selective Laser Melting. Metals 2018, 8, 342.
Ou S-F, Peng B-Y, Chen Y-C, Tsai M-H. Manufacturing and Characterization of NiTi Alloy with Functional Properties by Selective Laser Melting. Metals. 2018; 8(5):342.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ou, Shih-Fu; Peng, Bou-Yue; Chen, Yi-Cheng; Tsai, Meng-Hsiu. 2018. "Manufacturing and Characterization of NiTi Alloy with Functional Properties by Selective Laser Melting." Metals 8, no. 5: 342.
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